Aphasia is a condition manifestingthrough one's inability to use and understand language correctly.This usually takes place due to traumas caused by tumors, strokes,brain damage and similar, neurological, conditions affecting thelinguistic and communicative centers of our brain. Aphasia can takeplace in different forms and levels. Thus, it might cause troubles increating sentences in some people, making other completely unable toparticipate in their language and perceive it sensibly, let alonecommunicate. Reading, speaking, memorizing and writing are all linguistic aspects lost due to aphasia. All in all, it might bepermanent or temporal, depending on the severity of the brain injury.
Manifestations of Aphasia
One form of this condition is fluentaphasia, and it is caused by damage to the language network in themiddle section of our brain. People suffering from this form ofaphasia tend to speak fluently and continuously. Nevertheless, theirutterances hardly make sense and are mostly gibberish others areunable to understand. What is more, people with fluent aphasia cannotunderstand other people, nor can they realize that they are the onesspeaking incorrectly and strangely.
Opposite of this type of aphasia, comesnonfluent aphasia. This type involves inability to speak fluently orproperly due to damage located on the frontal part of our brain.Rather, these people utter small, incomplete phrases, which oftenmake little sense. However, contrary to the previous case, peoplewith nonfluent aphasia are usually aware of their condition and tendto get depressed because of it.
Another form many suffer from is global aphasia. This condition happens due to a large amounts ofdamage on the linguistic part of the brain, making one incapable ofreading, writing, speaking, thinking correctly, memorizing andperforming other actions connected to a language. This type usuallytakes place after a stroke.
Logically, the treatment depends on thetype of aphasia affecting a person. Stroke induced aphasia cases aretreated through speaking exercises and specific therapy, unless thedamage is too big. Progressive stadiums of aphasia can even lead to acomplete loss of language abilities. The only hope then is toestablish a communication through gestures.
Finally, do not think that people withaphasia are intellectually impaired in any way, since they are not.They simply cannot use language. Yet, they are completely aware andreasonable, probably suffering because of this state of affairs.Thus, they need all the help they can get, while they are goingthrough their recovery period.