12th week of a pregnancy is marked with the most dramatic development of a baby. At this stage, baby will start moving in the stomach, even though the mother won’t be able to feel these changes. Their fingers will begin to move, toes to curl, and the mouth will make first sucking movement. This is the stage at which baby develops some of the basic reflexes. Some of the bodily features will also become pronounced and recognizable during this week. The face will look human, the eyes will move to the front of the head and ears will be aligned in the right position. At this stage, the baby is about the size of a lime and weighs about half an ounce. This week is just before the beginning of the second trimester, which spans from week 13 to week 27 of the pregnancy. Therefore it is a last moment to have an early abortion.
Abortion procedure at 12 weeks
At 12 weeks of the pregnancy, medical abortion procedure is not an option anymore. This procedure works in the first seven or nine weeks of pregnancy, depending on the exact type of the procedure. At 12th week of pregnancy, women can have suction aspiration. This technique is also known as suction curettage or vacuum aspiration.
Suction Aspiration uses aspiration to remove the contents found in the uterine, throughout the cervix. The cervix is the lower part of the uterus that protrudes through the upper anterior vaginal wall. The procedure is quite quick and usually involves a clinical visit of up to several hours. The very procedure lasts no more than 15 minutes.
During the procedure, the surgeon uses suction tools: electric or manual pump, depending on the preferred method. Both are equally safe and efficient. In most cases, the doctor will use local anesthetic to numb the region and dilators to pen the cervix. A sterile cannula, which is a tube used for removal of the fluid and other contents, is then inserted into the body and attached to the pump. The pump creates vacuum that sucks in the uterine contents, leaving it empty.
This procedure is very safe. After every suction aspiration doctors are examining the removed tissue to confirm everything is complete. Suction aspiration has the lowest rate of infection, than any other surgical abortion. The rate of infection for this procedure is 0.5%. The procedure is 98% effective in removing all uterine contents. The complications are rare and include excessive blood loss, infection, injury to the cervix or uterus, perforation and uterine adhesions.