Ovarian cysts are a collection of fluid inside the ovaries, surrounded by a wall of tissue. They can hugely vary in size from a pea to an apple. Most ovarian cysts are benign, and even serve a purpose. For instance, they are found in nearly every woman who has gone through the menopause. But on occasion, ovarian cysts can rupture, thereby creating an immediate medical emergency. What causes ovarian cyst rupture?
First, we should mention that there are several types of ovarian cysts. Some are functional and fluid-filled; these usually dissolve on their own in a matter of weeks. Others are filled with blood and caused by a tear in the ovary. These, too, tend to go away all by themselves. Then there are cysts that are caused by egg cells and can contain some bone and other tissues. This type of cyst can be extremely painful and need treatment, but on the upside they are not normally cancerous. Other cysts form in the lining of the ovaries and can be cancerous or precancerous, while yet other cysts are caused by endometriosis.
What are the symptoms of an ovarian cyst?
Often, there will be none at all, but sometimes there will be abdominal pain and bloating. Ovarian cyst rupture happens when any type of cyst is damaged or punctured. Sometimes, this process is harmless and signifies the beginning of the disappearance of the cyst. But they can also become life-threatening emergencies. Head to the doctor if you are experiencing ovarian pain, have irregular or painful periods, vaginal spotting, and pain during sexual intercourse or strenuous physical activities. Some women who have a ruptured ovarian cyst are constantly thirsty as well. When you experience any of these symptoms, they are easy to write off as menstrual symptoms or coincidences, but this is definitely a case of better being safe then sorry. Also look at pain in the left ovary for more info.