Ruptured Ovarian Cyst
Rupture of ovarian cyst can be rather the serious medical condition and sometimes it requires urgent treatment. Therefore, this problem should never be neglected. Even if there are certain indicators that the cyst is going to rupture the condition has to be taken seriously. The pain is only one of the problems related to the very rupture. Apart from pain there are many more potential complications which may occur.
Rupture of the ovarian cysts is typically accompanied by intensive pain in the lower abdomen. Some patients may lose significant amount of blood and require blood transfusions. Rupture may additionally cause urinary infections and this is why urine is tested from the presence of pus or blood. In some cases symptoms of ruptured ovarian cyst may resemble symptoms of ectopic pregnancy and ectopic pregnancy can be the actual cause of the rupture.
Symptoms of Ovarian Cyst Rupture
The rupture may be asymptomatic. In other cases the leading symptom is acute pain. The pain can be mild or severe, dull or sharp. Some women only complain about mild discomfort in the lower abdomen.
Additional symptoms include nausea and vomiting, feeling of fullness and heaviness in the abdomen, problems with urination and defecation. If rupture leads to hemorrhage patients feel fatigue, dizziness and may sometimes faint. If the bleeding is excessive and not stopped on time the patient may exsanguinate and die.
Diagnosing Ovarian Cyst Rupture
Ruptured corpus lustrum cyst can be diagnosed by CT scan. This imaging method visualizes the cyst with thick rim and collection of fluid in peritoneum. Chocolate cysts may rupture as well. These cysts commonly occur in endometriosis and can affect ovaries, fallopian tubes and other organs in the abdomen. In case of the rupture the fluid from the cyst collects in the abdomen and can be detected by ultrasound. Ultrasound may visualize other cysts on the surrounding organs. Ultrasound may also estimate the amount of fluid and its characteristics. Culdocentesis is highly suitable to confirm the actual type of the accumulated fluid.
Treatment for Ovarian Cyst Rupture
The best thing is if ovarian cyst are identified prior the rupture. They can be treated and rupture successfully prevented. Asymptomatic ruptures are not problematic and they need no treatment.
In case of heavy bleeding patients are hospitalized and given transfusions. Still this complication is not so common. Hospitalized patients are stabilized and some of them are administered intravenous fluid and medications. Laparoscopic exploration is performed to diagnose and to treat ruptured ovarian cyst. And some patients require surgical management of ruptured cyst or complications caused by the rupture.