A panic attack is a sudden and unexpected feeling of the fear and anxiety. The heart starts to pound and people experience shortness of breath. There are many more symptoms which drive the person crazy. People who are experiencing panic attack may feel they are crazy. In extreme cases panic attacks may seriously interfere in one's life and even the simplest daily activities.
Panic attacks need to be reported to professionals since if left untreated they may progress to panic disorder and cause additional problems. Treatment will help with the symptoms, eventually eliminate them and help the patient to regain control over his/ her life.
Symptoms of Panic Attack
The most common symptoms of panic attack include:
- Shortness of breath and feeling of being smothered
- Chest tightness or chest pain
- Rapid heartbeat
- Excessive sweating
- Muscle ache or tingling sensations
- Abdominal discomfort
- Urgent need for urination
- Ringing in the eras
- Problems with vision
- Dry mouth
- Facial numbness
- Sense of imminent doom
- Fear of dying
- Fear of going mad
- Increased and generalized anxiety
- Worries about health or concerns that there something wrong
In some patients physical symptoms dominate while others complain more about psychological symptoms. Patients may even try to control symptoms. This can make the situation only worse and intensify already existing symptoms or even contribute to the occurrence of new ones. Patients become even more frustrated and anxious.
How do Panic Attack Symptoms Occur
At the beginning of the attack, symptoms are predominantly caused by the hormone adrenalin. Adrenalin is normally in charge with certain response of the body if there is some kind of danger. Its levels rise and it helps in building of symptoms of the disease.
The symptoms develop and body is subjected to numerous physiological changes which commonly affect circulation, heart, gastrointestinal and respiratory tract. The symptoms become intensive and their presence leads to even higher anxiety in patients and all of the previously mentioned repeats and the cycle starts all over again.
Treatment for Panic Attacks
Symptoms of panic attacks can be eliminated if the cycle of panic is eradicated. It is, therefore, important for all the people who have experienced many of the previously mentioned symptoms to visit their doctors.
Help can be obtained from professionals. There are certain medications which are rather helpful. Some of them include beta-blockers, antidepressants and many more. Psychotherapy is one more way of coping with symptoms. The best possible results are achieved by a combination of these two treatment modalities.