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Menstrual period is acharacteristic of a woman who can bear children. It is a time when she isfulfilled as a woman, and a time when she creates a family, and it would all begreat if it weren’t followed by discomforting symptoms, both physical andpsychological. We will name the most frequent ones. According toresearches, nearly 80% of women around the world experience menstrual discomforts,and the reason for that lies in our body. It is well known that woman’s ovariesrelease one egg once a month, and that egg is waiting to be fertilized. As itis not fertilized it is expelled from the uterus with tissue lining that wasprepared for welcoming the fetus. Every time when an egg is not fertilized itis discharged along with that lining as a menstrual flow. All of this (egg,tissue and blood) that comes out of a vagina results in discomfort.

Pain experienced bywomen before menstrual period is called PMS or Pre-Menstrual-Syndrome. Pain inthe abdomen as a symptom of a menstrual period is the most common one.Discomfort starts a couple of days before a menstrual flow. Other symptoms areattributed to an imaginative pain, but recent studies established that thatpain has physical ground and the main culprit is hormone. It is a time whenthe hormone level in woman’s body is fluctuating. Another discomfort duringmenstrual period is related to menstrual cramps occurring because the uterusis contracting, so that a lining is shed. Prostaglandin is a hormoneresponsible for the muscle contractions. When a period of 14 days pass thebody is prepared to release another egg, hormones (estrogen and progesterone)are balanced again and keep increasing until the fourth day before it is timefor a next period. If fertilization does not occur the level of hormonessuddenly drops resulting in another menstrual flow.

The symptom of bloatinghappens one week before the menstrual flow. Other symptoms such as breast tendernessand swelling around the joints, and insomnia occur, but these symptoms are notthe same in every woman. Some women may not experience those symptoms at all,and some may lie for days in cramps and pain. It is all individual. Somechanges in their behavior can be noticed and attacks of anxiety and socialwithdrawal are the most common. A very strong pain in the region of abdomen iscalled dysmenorrhea. But on the other hand every woman should be thankful for this wonder of her body to bring a new lifeinto this world and that is something that should be appreciated.

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