Noroviruses cause something called gastroenteritis which is an illness that are more often than not comprises of diarrhea and/or vomiting.
It can often be known as stomach flu, even though it has nothing to do with the actual flu. The Norovirus is usually established in North America and is very transferable. Unfortunately there is no known medicine that will stop a norovirus infection. However there are simple drinks such as Gaterade that will help you rehydrate at a quicker rate.
Causes of noroviruses?
It is found in the stool or/and vomit of the infected citizens. It is extremely contagious and the development of symptoms normally can be seen within 24 to 48 hours, but in some cases can be seen within just a few short hours after infection.
There are many ways to become infected such as:
- direct contact with another person who is infected with the virus.
- touching surfaces or any things that have been contaminated (like door handles)
- eating food which is contaminated by the food handlers.
The virus can survive on any surface and can withstand chlorine and high temperatures. Norovirus is easily spread and more so if group confined areas such as schools, cruise ships, hotels.
Length of symptoms?
In healthy people, the acute diarrhea and/or vomiting normally lasts between eight to twelve hours, and they usually get better within 48 hours.
- Wash your hands often,
- Do not eat undercooked shellfish.
- Wash all fruits/ vegetables prior to eating.
- clean the infected surfaces straight after an incident of sickness - use hot, soapy water and then use a household disinfectant.
- remove and wash clothing or linen straight away that may be contaminated
- If you are infected with norovirus, don’t make physical contact with others
If you get the norovirus you should drink a lot of fluids preferably water or rehydration drinks like Gatorade. Younger children and the elderly are at a bigger risk of dehydration, the symptoms of dehydration will be a reduction in urination, possibly a dry mouth and the feeling of dizziness. However a child may just cry with little or no tears. If severe dehydration occurs, this can be serious and the person may need to go to hospital.
Are noroviruses dangerous?
The virus itself is uncomfortable and can cause a little pain due to vomiting and diarrhea. As long as you keep hydrated then there should be no cause for major concern. However if symptoms persist for more than 48 hours call your doctor.