Gastroenteritis is a medical term for the inflammation of the stomach, the large intestine and the small intestine. There are several viruses that are responsible for the occurrence of the stomach inflammation. The most common viruses that cause stomach inflammation are adenoviruses, sapoviruses, astroviruses, noroviruses and rotaviruses. Viral stomach inflammation is not caused by bacteria, by parasites, or by medicines, but only by viruses. When the stomach is inflamed due to a virus, the person usually vomits and has watery diarrhea. Moreover, headaches, fever, pain and discomfort in stomach occur usually a day or two after the virus entered the body and last at most ten days. When a viral infection in stomach appears, a person has the problem to properly digest foods. Due to this, the stomach flu occurs.
The stomach flu is a condition in which the lining of the stomach is swollen. Furthermore, the virus also attacks the large and small intestines, which also become inflamed. Therefore, it is considered that the stomach virus is an intestinal infection, which occurs due to the consummation of the contaminated foods. The stomach flu should be immediately treated when diarrhea, abdominal cramps and nausea appear. When a person has a strong immune system, the virus cannot survive longer than ten days. However, in people with a weak immune system, the symptoms of the stomach flu stay longer.
Stomach virus treatment
To treat stomach virus there are no medicines. Therefore, the treatment of the stomach flu includes reducing the symptoms of the condition and controlling it. There are several things that should be done when one develops the stomach virus. First of all, it is extremely important to drink as much water as possible, at least eight glasses a day. Water is important because diarrhea and vomiting can lead to dehydration. Furthermore, the one with stomach virus should change the diet. There are certain kinds of foods that should be avoided in order to relieve the symptoms of the stomach flu. These foods are ice cream, dairy products, carbonated drinks and caffeine, as well as candies.
On the other side, the one with stomach virus should eat soft and light foods, such as cooked white rice or cooked noodles, bananas, peas, and apple or grape juice, as well as mashed potatoes. When a child has stomach virus, oral rehydration solution at regular intervals should be given to him/her. This remedy is very effective to curb fluid loss in children.