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Types of kidneyfailure

Kidney failure is another term for the loss of kidneyfunction or the condition in which kidneys lose their ability to filter bloodand remove excess fluid, salts and waste material from it. There are two typesof kidney failure acute and chronic. Acute is usually developed all of asudden, in cases of people who are seriously ill who are hospitalized andrequiring intensive care, while chronic is developed gradually, and may be theresult of some other health problem or disease as well. Different conditionscause different types of kidney failure so blood clots, vasculitis, infections,cholesterol, multiple myeloma, various heart conditions certain medicines (includingantibiotics and chemotherapy drugs) and toxins (which also include alcohol) arefrequently recognized as the causes of acute kidney failure. On the other side,diseases such as type I and type II diabetes, high blood pressure, vasculitis renal artery stenosis, bladder or kidney cancer, infection of kidneys andkidney stones tend to lead to chronic kidney failure.

Symptoms of kidneyfailure

Even though acute kidney failure may not always cause evidentproblems, and in such cases results of laboratory tests usually indicate it,symptoms that may indicate it otherwise are decreased urination, retention offluid which results in swelling of feet, legs and ankles, fatigue, nausea, painin the chest and shortness of breath. As for chronic kidney failure, it usuallyhappens that the signs and symptoms appear when kidneys are already significantlydamaged and when their function is seriously impaired, while in the earlystages usually no obvious symptoms are present at all. Besides swelling offeet and ankles, nausea and fluid retention, symptoms that occur are loss ofappetite, problems with sleeping, cramps and twitches of muscles and decreased mentalsharpness. However, since many of these symptoms may indicate a number of other conditions aswell it is necessary to see the doctor as soon as they are noticed, becausethey will be able to set the right diagnose. In some situations in order toconfirm the diagnosis they might need the results of blood and urine tests, orthe results of ultrasound or even kidney biopsy.

When it comes to this condition, whether acute of chronic,it is not possible to prevent it for sure. However, in order to minimize therisks of it, it is highly advised to avoid too much alcohol consumption to usemedications that are not prescribed by the doctor according to theinstructions to take care about weight and to avoid smoking.

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