The type of the cancer that affects bones can come from the bone itself, or can be transported by blood or lymph from the cancerous tissue of some other part of the body. If we bear in mind that there are more than hundred types of cancer and that they all are called after the part of the body where the cancer has originated, we must realize the reason why is cancer named the number one killer among all the diseases. Especially having in mind its characteristic to diffuse through the body and start the growing on the other tissue. This is commonly called the metastasis. Usually, the types of the cancers of the nearby tissue tend to spread to the bones. That is the case of the breast cancer, for example. And, in that case, it is still called the breast cancer.
But, of course, there are the real bone cancers, which come from the bone tissue. Their first distinctive characteristic is that it usually affects younger people, and the second one is the characteristic of growing very slowly.
The treatment is never an easy process, as far as these kinds of illnesses are concerned. Neither is the diagnosis of such a type of the cancer. Maybe because the most common symptom is pain and it is very general symptom. Only in the last stages of the bone tumor, one could experience the breaking of a bone when just standing. But, in that case, it is too late for the treatment with the considerable chances for survival.
The good diagnose is always achieved after the good description of the condition by the patient. After that, usually a kind of physical examination takes place and, of course the blood examination is sought by the specialist.
So that the specialist can be assured that the cancer is benign, he must order the X-ray examination previously. The malign tumors are often recognized during this examination because their edges are rougher and less smooth than those of the benign tumor. As far more accurate examinations, the CAT scan, the magnetic resonance imaging, and biopsy are used in the process of diagnosing.
As far as the treatment is concerned, the most common are surgery, chemotherapy, and radiation therapy. Among them, surgery is the most suitable for bone cancer because the tumor must be taken out entirely. The chemotherapy is, in the case of bone cancer often used before or after the surgical procedure. And, finally, the radiology is the least aggressive and, at the same time, the least helpful method of those 3.