Information on Vitamin B12
Vitamin B12 is a very important vitamin and it is a vitalpart of numerous different types of metabolic activities which take place in thehuman body. Vitamin B12 is soluble in the water and it has perhaps the mostcomplicated chemical structure of all different types of vitamins. The humanbody requires the vitamin B12 so that it can form the red blood cells, dividethe cells and develop the nerve cells in a proper manner.
Vitamin B12 is alsovery important when it comes to the metabolism of fat, protein andcarbohydrates. There is no species of plants or animals that can producevitamin B12. The only living creatures capable of producing vitamin B12 arecertain types of microorganisms such as yeasts, fungi, molds and bacteria.
Certain types of microorganisms located in the large intestine of the animalsactually produce vitamin B12. In order to utilize vitamin B12 in a proper way thehuman body relies on the intrinsic factor, a protein which is produced in thestomach. When a person suffers from intrinsic factor deficiency the human bodyis unable to absorb the vitamin B12.
Vitamin B12 deficiency can be affiliatedwith numerous different types of harmful symptoms such as nervousness, generalweakness, numbness, heart palpitation, tingling sensations in the feet,menstrual problems, depression, memory problems and fatigue.
Food Sources of Vitamin B12
Animals can store larger amounts of vitamin B12 than theplants. The vitamin gets stored in the liver which means that the liver ofseveral species of animals is a remarkable source of vitamin B12. Snapper andcalf’s liver are among the best sources of vitamin B12. Other excellent sourcesof vitamin B12 include beef, yogurt, scallops, cow’s milk, salmons, boiledeggs, shrimp and tuna.
Plants cannot produce any vitamin B12 and they cannotstore it as good as animals do. Vitamin B12 in plants can be found in the rootsand the soil in which they grow.
Plant sources of vitamin B12 commonly includecertain types of cultured and fermented products such as miso, nutritionalyeasts, tofu, fortified cereals, tempeh, shoyu and tamari. Other sources ofvitamin B12 may include certain species of seaweeds and sea vegetables. VitaminB12 can also be purchased in a supplemental form.
Most vitamin B12 supplementsavailable on the market contain it in the form of Cyanocobalamin. Vitamin B12may be associated with nerve damage, anemia and certain other types of medicalconditions.