Sclerotherapy as the method of treatment
One of the ways in which the problem of varicose and spiderveins can be treated is sclerotherapy. It is a very effective medicalprocedure, which consists of injecting a solution directly into the problematicvein or blood vessel. The injected solution affects the lining of the vessel,making it swell and stick together, while the blood clots and the vesselbecomes the scar tissue, and eventually fades. It depends on the size of theveins and their location how many of them will be treated over one session,though a patients general health also affects that decision. As for the efficiencyof this method of treatment, it has been proven that at least 50% of thetreated veins will be eliminated during one session in the majority of thecases, though it is necessary to be aware of the fact that veins may need from 3weeks to even 4 months to react to sclerotherapy. Still, it does not mean that afterthe treatment, new veins will not appear.
Are there any sideeffects of sclerotherapy?
Even though this method of the treatment has proven to bevery successful and effective, there are some side effects that are possible,and patients who are thinking of undergoing such a procedure should be informedabout all of them in advance. To begin with, mild bruising of the treated areais one of the most commonly reported symptoms, but that is not at all unusualafter the treatment. It is important for the patient not to stand or sit toolong after the procedure, and it is highly recommended to walk in order toprevent blood clotting. Once the compression bandages are removed, and they areinevitable since the veins must be wrapped after the procedure, it is possiblefor brown lines or spots to appear at places of injection, but they willdisappear in a few months in the majority of the cases. Still, it is not impossiblethat some of them will remain permanent.
Other side effects includeinflammation, swelling of the leg, formation of ulcers at the injection site,and allergic reaction to the injected solution. Also, it is possible that some veinswill not be eliminated but that is the risk that every patient is well awareof.
In order to avoid possible complications, the patients are advised to avoidhot baths after this procedure, to wear compression stockings, and to avoidsunlight, jogging, swimming and similar activities at least 2 weeks after the treatment.
Anti-inflammatory medication and pain relievers may be needed for the first 48hours after the treatment, in order to reduce pain and inflammation.