Some of the most common respiratory system diseases areasthma, chronic or acute bronchitis, pneumonia, tuberculosis, chronicobstructive pulmonary disease, influenza, lung cancer, and common cold, etc.
People suffering from asthma have hypersensitive respiratorysystem airways that can constrict sometimes and then make it impossible forenough air to reach lungs, making it hard to breathe for those who suffer fromit. Causes for asthma and asthma attacks are numerous: any kind of airpollution, tobacco smoke, pollen from flowers, different chemicals, exercises,cold air, etc. A person can often be both asthmatic and allergic to somethingwhich can be problematic, but both are manageable and treatable.
There arevarious ways through which one can prevent asthma attacks. It is important toremove anything a person might be allergic to from their surroundings, keeptheir environment clean, discourage smoking in their house, drinking at least 8glasses of water a day can help keep the airways clean and traversable, andmany others.
Common colds are highly contagious, and they spread easily,either through air, or by physical contact with contaminated objects. Mostotherwise healthy people usually get through them alone in a 2- or 3-days time,but some need some over-the-counter medications. It is only important not toturn to antibiotics for help since they are useless against common coldviruses, and you can only harm yourself by making other bacteria in your bodyimmune to antibiotics. The most common symptoms are sneezing, sore throat, lowfever, runny nose, etc. The best way to prevent being contaminated with commoncold is to keep your hands clean at all times and increase the intake ofliquids when one might be at risk.
Lung cancer is the most lethal of all the respiratorydiseases and is also one of the most common forms of cancer today. It is alsothe form of cancer that kills more people than any other form of cancer. Itsmain cause is smoking, both active or passive, so in order to prevent it, it isimportant not to smoke and avoid places where one might be subjected to otherpeople’s smoking, or where smoke content high. Treatment plans include surgery,chemotherapy, radiation therapy, or a combination of all three.