An opening or an imperfection in the muscular
structure of the wall of the abdomen is called hernia.
This abnormality occurs as a congenital
defect in the muscle or it can be developed from an acute or repetitive muscle
stress or strain. Because of the hole in the muscle, the pressure in the
abdomen has a tendency to push the contents, or abdominal organs and
surrounding tissue through the abnormality. This causes the swelling of the abdominal
Hernias can attack almost anybody. Hernias occur
to men and women, regardless of the race and age. It\'s not improbable that you
or somebody you know will experience hernia and have to undergo surgery to
Hernias can be categorized according to their
anatomical location. But, some of the most common hernias are abdominal hernia,
diaphragmatic hernia, pelvic hernia, anal hernias, and intracranial hernia.
Incarceration is an intense complication of hernia
which emerges from the trapping of tissues in the hernia. Trapped or restrained
tissues may have their blood supply blocked, which may cause the damage or
death of the tissue. The treatment of an incarceration very often includes
Most common symptoms of a hernia are pain, vomiting and discomfort, but swelling of the skin of the abdominal wall is also possible. A sportsman\'s hernia is a syndrome connected with chronic flank pain in athletes and a dilated superficial ring of the inguinal canal, although the true hernia is not really present. Throughout the surgery, a hernia sac is eliminated and a couple of stitches may be necessary to close the hole of the inguinal canal nearest the abdominal cavity. Most hernia repairs are done as emergent surgery. Anesthesia can be local, spinal, or general. When it comes to adult hernia operations, synthetic patches or mesh are becoming more and more used. Laparoscopic hernia surgery may have some supremacy over the open surgery in certain situations, but it has a higher risk of more serious complications. RecoveryIf general anesthesia is used, it may cause the patient to feel different for some 2 or 3 days. When the patient wakes up from the anesthesia, he or she will be able to drink small amounts of liquid. If the patient doesn\'t feel sick, he can begin eating regular foods. The patient should regularly wash his hands before and after touching the incision site. Also, the patient should stay away from wearing tight or rough clothing. The average time to return to work is 14 to 21 days. The medicine that the patient will need after the operation is for pain control.