An opening or an imperfection in the muscularstructure of the wall of the abdomen is called hernia.This abnormality occurs as a congenitaldefect in the muscle or it can be developed from an acute or repetitive musclestress or strain. Because of the hole in the muscle, the pressure in theabdomen has a tendency to push the contents, or abdominal organs andsurrounding tissue through the abnormality. This causes the swelling of the abdominalwall.
Hernias can attack almost anybody. Hernias occurto men and women, regardless of the race and age. It\'s not improbable that youor somebody you know will experience hernia and have to undergo surgery torepair it. Hernias can be categorized according to theiranatomical location. But, some of the most common hernias are abdominal hernia,diaphragmatic hernia, pelvic hernia, anal hernias, and intracranial hernia.Incarceration is an intense complication of herniawhich emerges from the trapping of tissues in the hernia. Trapped or restrainedtissues may have their blood supply blocked, which may cause the damage ordeath of the tissue. The treatment of an incarceration very often includessurgery.
Most common symptoms of a hernia are pain,vomiting and discomfort, but swelling of the skin of the abdominal wall is alsopossible.A sportsman\'s hernia is a syndrome connected withchronic flank pain in athletes and a dilated superficial ring of the inguinalcanal, although the true hernia is not really present.Throughout the surgery, a hernia sac iseliminated and a couple of stitches may be necessary to close the hole of theinguinal canal nearest the abdominal cavity.Most hernia repairs are done as emergent surgery.Anesthesia can be local, spinal, or general. When it comes to adult hernia operations, syntheticpatches or mesh are becoming more and more used.Laparoscopic hernia surgery may have somesupremacy over the open surgery in certain situations, but it has a higher risk of moreserious complications.RecoveryIf general anesthesia is used, it may cause thepatient to feel different for some 2 or 3 days.When the patient wakes up from the anesthesia, heor she will be able to drink small amounts of liquid. If the patient doesn\'tfeel sick, he can begin eating regular foods. The patient should regularly washhis hands before and after touching the incision site. Also, the patient shouldstay away from wearing tight or rough clothing.The average time to return to work is 14 to 21 days. The medicine that the patient will need after theoperation is for pain control.