Dysuria is a medical term which is used to describe pain during urination. Urinary tract infections are often causes of this problem and people suffering from it experience burning and pain when they urinate. The pain is commonly localized at the opening of urethra, but in some cases patients complain about painful sensations in the pelvis.
People experiencing the pain during urination may also have some other medical issue related to this condition, such as difficulties with urination in the morning or at night time. Urination can also be much more frequent than normal and there might be some blood in the urine. In certain cases, there is also drainage or discharge from a patient’s penis or vagina.
What Causes Pain during Urination?
Pain during urination can be caused by many different
medical problems. The most common are: prostate problems, urethritis, already
mentioned urinary tract infections, urinary retention, different types of cystitis
and kidney stones. Genital herpes, candidiasis, bacterial vaginosis, vulvitis
and reactive arthritis may also be blamed for this medical condition as well as pregnancy.
Urinary tract infections include all infections of the urinary tract, such as urethra, ureters, bladder and the kidneys. These infections more often affect women than men and doctors usually prescribe antibiotics for the treatment.
Incomplete emptying of the bladder (urinary retention) can also be the reason behind pain during urination. This problem can be either acute or chronic in nature and sometimes it is found to be complication of benign hypertrophy of the prostate. Prostate infection and inflammation can also be followed by pain during urination.
Interstitial and radiation cystitis are inflammations of the bladder. As the name suggests, radiation cystitis usually appears in people undergoing radiation therapy for different cancers of the ovary, uterus, prostate, colon, rectum or the bladder.
Kidney stones and bacterial or viral infections of the vagina or urethra can also be associated with the pain during urination. Sexually transmitted diseases such as genital herpes, Chlamydia or gonorrhea are known to cause this type of medical problems.
Additionally, many patients suffering from contact dermatitis (vulvitis) and reactive arthritis have also been complaining about pain during urination.
Pregnancy is often the time when many women experience painful sensations during urination, especially because the changes happening in the urinary tract and effects of the growing uterus. Certain cases require medical assistance to avoid kidney problems and hurting the unborn child.
Depending on the cause of the problem, doctors might recommend different medications. Prostatitis requires pain killers and alpha blockers and vaginitis metronidazole or clotrimazole creams. Seek for doctor’s advice if you notice any pain during urination and your doctor will be able to diagnose and treat the condition properly. Always report all of your symptoms to be sure to get the right diagnose.