Dysuria is a medical term which is used to describe painduring urination. Urinary tract infections are often causes of thisproblem and people suffering from it experience burning and pain when theyurinate. The pain is commonly localized at the opening of urethra, but in somecases patients complain about painful sensations in the pelvis.
People experiencing the pain during urination may also havesome other medical issue related to this condition, such as difficulties withurination in the morning or at night time. Urination can also be much morefrequent than normal and there might be some blood in the urine. In certaincases, there is also drainage or discharge from a patient’s penis or vagina.
What Causes Pain during Urination?
Pain during urination can be caused by many differentmedical problems. The most common are: prostate problems, urethritis, alreadymentioned urinary tract infections, urinary retention, different types of cystitisand kidney stones. Genital herpes, candidiasis, bacterial vaginosis, vulvitisand reactive arthritis may also be blamed for this medical condition as well as pregnancy.
Urinary tract infections include all infections of theurinary tract, such as urethra, ureters, bladder and the kidneys. These infectionsmore often affect women than men and doctors usually prescribe antibiotics forthe treatment.
Incomplete emptying of the bladder (urinary retention) canalso be the reason behind pain during urination. This problem can be eitheracute or chronic in nature and sometimes it is found to be complication ofbenign hypertrophy of the prostate. Prostate infection and inflammation canalso be followed by pain during urination.
Interstitial and radiation cystitis are inflammations of thebladder. As the name suggests, radiation cystitis usually appears in peopleundergoing radiation therapy for different cancers of the ovary, uterus,prostate, colon, rectum or the bladder.
Kidney stones and bacterial or viral infections of thevagina or urethra can also be associated with the pain during urination. Sexuallytransmitted diseases such as genital herpes, Chlamydia or gonorrhea are knownto cause this type of medical problems.
Additionally, many patients suffering from contactdermatitis (vulvitis) and reactive arthritis have also been complaining aboutpain during urination.
Pregnancy is often the time when many women experience painfulsensations during urination, especially because the changes happening in theurinary tract and effects of the growing uterus. Certain cases require medicalassistance to avoid kidney problems and hurting the unborn child.
Depending on the cause of the problem, doctors mightrecommend different medications. Prostatitis requires pain killers and alphablockers and vaginitis metronidazole or clotrimazole creams. Seek for doctor’sadvice if you notice any pain during urination and your doctor will be able todiagnose and treat the condition properly. Always report all of your symptomsto be sure to get the right diagnose.