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Breast Cancer-Overview

It is a type of cancer that forms in the cells of the breasts. Although it mayappear in both men and women, it is far more common in women. There are many different types ofbreast cancer, with different stages, aggressiveness, and geneticmakeup; survival rates vary greatly depending on those factors.

Symptoms of Breast Cancer

The symptoms of breast cancer include a breast lump (which is why it isimportant that every woman regularly check for lumps; early detectiongreatly increases the chances of fighting the disease successfully); then,change in the size or shape of the breast, redness of the skin of the nipple,bloody discharge from the nipple, inverted nipple, etc.As soon as a person has noticed any of these symptoms, he should immediatelyconsult a physician, who will conduct the necessary tests and establish whetherthe symptom is an indicator of breast cancer.

There are somerisk factors that may increase the possibility of a person getting this type ofcancer. Those are: age (older people are more prone to getting breast cancer),sex (this type of cancer happens more often in women than in men), a familyhistory of cancer, obesity, excessive drinking, having a first child at anolder age, or beginning menopause at an older age; then, having the firstperiod before the age of twelve.

Prevention

Although there is no sure way of preventing breast cancer, there are a few thingsa person might do to reduce the risk greatly. First, it is vital that everywoman have regular check-ups with her gynecologist. Ideally, they should beconducted every half year or so. Then, a person should get plenty of exercise,maintain a healthy weight and avoid drinking alcohol. This, aside from being ameans of preventing cancer, is a great way of increasing one’s overall health.

Types ofTreatment

Depending on the type and the stage of the cancer, the doctor will set anappropriate course of treatment. There are a few surgical options: a lumpectomy (when the surgeon removes thetumor and some of the surrounding healthy tissue), a mastectomy (when thesurgeon removes the entire breast), sentinel node biopsy, and axillary lymphnode dissection.These procedures are usually followed by radiation therapy, chemotherapy, orhormone therapy.

Of course, manywomen have tried many ways of coping with breast cancer, and these are some ofthe alternative ways.

Some have simply changed their diet, and it has been proven effective by some.They simply ate more fruits and vegetables, leaving out meat and fatty foods.

Some supplements, such as omega-3, are believed to fight off cancer cells.

Herbal remedies, such as dong quai and black cohosh are used to normalize theproduction of hormones.

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