Staphylococcus aureus (staph) are bacteria that live on the skin and nose of people. These are usually harmless, but sometimes can cause infection and serious illness. Some species of staphylococci have become resistant to the antibiotic methicillin and other antibiotics used in the past for treating these infections. Infections resistant to methicillin (MRSA) are difficult to cure because most antibiotics can not destroy the bacteria.Person can get the infection in the community, as well as in hospital environment. MRSA penetrates into the body through broken skin or bloodstream. People who have health problems such as diabetes or a weakened immune system, or where the skin is damaged due to wounds, recent surgery or dermatitis are more susceptible to staphylococcal infections. MRSA can cause:skin infections such as boil and impetigosubcutaneous infection (cellulitis)more serious infections like bones, blood, lungs and other body parts infections.
MRSA treats with special antibiotics. Other types of treatments include flexion and surgery, depending on the type of infection. Infection reveals by taking a bacteriological swab of the skin or nose, or wound, urine, blood or sputum swabs which are sent to laboratory testing.Due to the fact set forth, there is no universal antibiotic for MRSA treatment. Doctor, before prescribing the medication first must determine the severity and cause of the infection and then adjust the appropriate treatment. In any case, the treatment of this infection should be addressed without delay since it can cause very serious consequences and even death.If weakened immune is the cause of the infection system antibiotics Vancomycin and Teicoplanin are given to the patient. However, if the infection is caused by staphylococci in the nose, applies an antibiotic mupicrocin to avoid further spread of these bacteria. Although MRSA is resistant to many antibiotics, Vancomycin, Teicoplanin, Quinupritin, Linezolid, Rifamvin, Clindamycin, Septra and Avelox are still very effective in elimination of these bacteria.MRSA can be transmitted by:pressing or touching infected body parts, such as ulcers and wounds,using towels, clothes or bedding used by the infected personusing equipment for personal hygiene, used by people with MRSA infectionif hands aren’t washed thoroughly.
Regular and thorough hand washing is important in preventing the spread of MRSA infection. Patients should bear in mind that these bacteria are prone to genetic mutations. It is noted because patients often abandon treatment at half way usually because of excessive costs of treatment. If treatment is interrupted, the bacteria will become stronger and more resilient. That means that in the treatment of this infection should be tenacious and persistent.