Stoma is the focus of this surgery, which is performed in order for the patient to never experience bowel disease. But, there are several more reasons why this procedure can be performed, as well as there are several types of this surgery. They all have the same name, but they differ, and which type of the surgery will need to be performed depends on several factors. Every type of ostomy does the same thing, but the execution and some difference in purpose are present. We will talk about it in detail in the following text.
The first type we will talk about is colostomy, which involves the removal of the rectum and affixation of the stoma and the colon. The patient will have to remove excrement through the hole located in the wall of the abdomen. This surgery is done for problems like colon cancer and other colon related troubles. Sigmoid, transverse, descending and ascending are types of colostomy possible today. The area across the abdomen is the location where the transverse type is done, while the lower left abdomen area is where sigmoid is done. Also, the descending and ascending are done on their parts of the colon. Next type of the ostomy is called ileostomy. This surgery is done in the following way. The tip of the small intestine is pulled through the surface of the skin, but not before the stoma is created in the lower abdomen. The clean opening is made by the folding of the ileum around the stoma, which will make way for the excrement removal to an ostomy pouch. Destabilizing injury of the large intestine is a common reason for the conduction of this procedure. Cancer, familial polyposis, Cronh's disease and ulcerative colitis are some conditions that require ileostomy. This type involves the use of a pouch in which the excrement is collected and then it can be eliminated easily along with the bad smell. This type involves some skin problems, which can be avoided with two alternative surgeries, continent ileostomy and ileonal reservoir. Urostomy is the last type we will talk about. This type is involved with the removal of urine and not the stool. The bladder is diverted to the stoma and not the bladder, as it is normal. Also, cystectomy, or bladder removal, is done sometimes along with this procedure, which is done when cancer or some bladder disease are present. The stoma made during this surgery is located in the abdomen wall, and it will help the drainage of urine. If you have done this surgery, we advise the use of skin cream.