Magnesium Sulfate - Medical Uses
Magnesium sulfate is a chemical compound that is used in many purposes. One of them is a medical purpose. For example, oral magnesium sulfate is frequently used as a Saline laxative. Furthermore, Epson salt is in a form of topical gel used in treatment of aches and pains. Internal use of magnesium sulfate is indicated in hypomagnesaemia. Epson salt is also administered as the first aid in people who have suffered barium chloride poisoning. Some studies have also shown that magnesium sulfate can be highly effective in case of severe exacerbation of asthma.
The compound is administered in pregnant women suffering from eclampsia and it can effectively delay premature labor and preterm birth. Magnesium sulfate is also capable of preventing cerebral palsy in preterm babies.
Topical uses of magnesium sulfate include treatment of dehydration of boils, carbuncles and abscesses, blemishes, acne and in a combination with water it forms a cream that can efficiently eliminate blackheads. Soaking in a warm bath that contains Epsom salt can be quite beneficial for patients suffering from genital herpes and shingles.
What are Magnesium Toxicity Symptoms?
Magnesium sulfate toxicity predominantly affects the circulatory system. The person's face is flushed and he/ she may complain about visual disturbances. In some cases intoxication with magnesium sulfate leads to nasal stiffness and chest pain.
One more characteristic of magnesium sulfate toxicity is gastrointestinal upset. Toxicity can also lead to intestinal obstruction. Some patients may develop urinary retention while in others the injection of the compound may cause tissue necrosis at the site of the injection.
The toxicity can be enhanced with mutual intake of magnesium sulfate and some other medications. For example, if it is taken together with central nervous system depressants the results may be a severe and intensive depression of the central nervous system.
Large amounts of the substance in the body may induce hypotension and cause serious damage to the renal system.
Magnesium sulfate may also cause certain changes in EKG, palpitations, tachycardia and pulmonary edema.
There is also a chance of lethargy, general weakness, a decrease in bone density as well as increase in calcium content in the urine. And finally, increased level of magnesium sulfate is associated with muscular hyperexcitability.
Since there is a lot of possible complications associated with magnesium sulfate, the substance must be prescribed with precaution and administered carefully. The doctor is also due to recognize the early symptoms of toxicity on time and act properly. Any symptom of magnesium toxicity requires prompt discontinuation of the substance and suitable treatment.