Itchy and flaky scalp is a medical condition which can be very irritating and it can cause a lot of discomfort to the sufferer. The urge to constantly scratch the head is very hard to resist, so the condition can also be the cause of embarrassment, especially in public places.
Causes of Itchy Flaky Scalp
There are numerous different types of causes which can be held responsible for the occurrence of itchy flaky scalp. Dandruff is definitely one of the most common causes of this medical condition. Dandruff is also a medical condition which occurs when the scalp is not kept clean on a regular basis and a certain type of fungus called pityrosporum ovale starts growing and the scalp and feeding on the oils which are normally secreted by the glands located in the scalp. Dandruff can also be triggered by spicy, salty or sweet foods. It can also be inherited and passed on from generation to generation. When dandruff becomes excessive it usually leads to itchy flaky scalp and it may also sometimes cause hair loss in some cases.
Another medical condition which is often the cause of itchy flaky scalp is known by the name of seborrheic dermatitis. It is commonly caused by stress, changes of seasons, severe medical conditions such as HIV and AIDS, and also by the growth of certain type of yeast on the scalp, which is referred to as malassezia. Seborrheic eczema can also be the cause of itchy flaky scalp. It is actually an inflammatory condition of the skin on the scalp. It may sometimes be passed on from generation to generation. Psoriasis is another possible cause of itchy flaky skin. It is a condition in which the dead skin cells get accumulated on the outer layer of the scalp. Itchy flaky scalp may also be a manifestation of allergic reactions which get triggered by the usage of harsh shampoos and other hair care products.
Treatments for Itchy Flaky Scalp
Proper methods of treatment always depend on the underlying cause of the condition. One should always pay a visit to a dermatologist in order to determine the proper method of treatment. A thorough examination of the scalp makes it possible to diagnose the medical condition properly and determine the right type of medicament. The traditional treatment usually involves topical steroid creams, topical corticosteroid lotions, solutions and gels and a switch to mild types of shampoos and other hair care products. Home remedies for itchy flaky scalp include apple cider vinegar mixed with water and rosemary oil and also fenugreek seeds mixed with water and lemon juice.