Receding gums or medically gingival recession, is a very serious problem of dental cavity which happens when gums begin to pull away from the teeth. The root of each tooth is covered in cementum functioning as its natural coating so once the gums begin to pull away, the roots become exposed because these natural coatings disappear. It all makes it easier for the plaque to accumulate thus making a tooth more prone to the various problems such as caries toothache, infection, and receding gums or even the loss of the tooth.
Causes and symptoms
Gingival recession can be triggered by many conditions, and the most common is certainly inadequate brushing of teeth, meaning that the teeth should not be brushed too aggressively or too harshly and with a toothbrush that is not soft. Other causes of this condition may be building up of the bacteria between the teeth, eating disorders, bruxism, gingivitis and even piercings in the tongue or lip, since piercings may easily rub against the teeth. Having in mind that this condition does not happen over night but the signs that a person should not ignore once they occur are increased in teeth sensitivity to spicy, sour or sweet flavors, as well as to cold and hot; the change in the color of the tooth; or the cases when the roots of the teeth seem to be more visible, or spaces between them bigger. On the other side if a person has a bad breath, or if gums are swollen, red, or bleeding, these may also be the signs that might indicate the problem of receding gums.
Is there a cure for the receding gums?
What should be mentioned in the first place is that, if ignored for too long, or left untreated, receding gums may lead to very serious problems, such as diabetes, heart attack, stroke, or even respiratory problems. So as soon as the first signs are noticed the person should address to their dentist who will diagnose the problem and treat it. The way in which this condition will be treated depends on the cause, because the treatment is always focused on the treatment of an underlying cause first. However, after this problem has been cured, there are ways in which areas that have suffered gum recession can be regenerated, and these ways include plastic surgery procedures. Gum tissue can be repositioned in order to cover the recession and for that purpose, special material instead of the patient’s own tissue can also be used.