Types of treatment
Just as a whole lot of progress has been made in medicine and its subsequent branches regarding treatment and the new methods discovered, the same can be said about the ailment and treatment of the illnesses of the mind. There are two categories of the treatment that have emerged and established themselves as the most effective, i.e. psycho-therapeutic and Somatic. As far as the former is concerned, the treatment options include individual treatment, group one or family and nuptial psychotherapy (or marital). Belonging to this group also is the treatment by therapy behavioral in nature and hypnotherapy. As for the latter the two most prominent techniques are therapy with medications and electro-convulsive therapy.
Opposite to the general belief that is mostly influenced by movies, the one and only person that can successfully cure a condition such as mental illness, is not just a psychiatrist but also clinical psychologists, social workers, as well as nurses. But one thing is true about the necessity of psychiatrists though and that is the fact that they are the only people who have the official authority to prescribe a medication to a person being treated.
Treatment with medications
When it comes to ameliorating and successful treatment of this condition most commonly employed are the medications belonging to the psychoactive group. For the sake of better and more rapid treatment the medications in question are divided in such a way that one type corresponds to a particular disorder. If we take depression for example the best possible officially accepted means to treat it is by the use of antidepressants.
Also, most widely used medications belonging to other groups are:
- Selective serotonin re-uptake inhibitors (Prozac, Zoloft, Celexa, Levophed, Effexor, Cymbalta, Wellbutrin etc.)
- Anti-psychotic medications (Chlorpromazine, Haloperidol, Haldol, Navane – particularly effective in the treatment of conditions such as schizophrenia; and Risperdal, Zyprexa, Seroquel, Geodon, Abilify especially effective for treatment of those in which the traditional and atypical anti-psychotic drugs provide no help and improvement)
- Electro-convulsive technique/method
This therapy is based on placing the electrodes on the head of the patient, and while they are sedated electro shocks are produced in order to cause a seizure of short duration. As far as its effectiveness is concerned this technique is considered to be the most beneficial for those suffering from more severe types of depression.
It is based on the belief that the key to curing a person is actually present in the person itself and that the best way to initiate and bring about the “self-healing” is through creating a tight, friendly and trust-reinforced bond with the psychotherapist in question. The most common varieties of this method are:
- supportive psychotherapy,
- psycho-dynamic psychotherapy,
- cognitive and behavior therapies,
- psychotherapy and
- interpersonal therapy