Hypercalcemia is the medical term for thedisorder when the level of calcium in blood is above normal. Calcium is necessaryfor formatting of bones as well as for contracting of muscles, discharging ofhormones and functioning of nerves and brain. If the level of calcium is highabove normal, that can have negative effects on these processes. Overactivity of parathyroid glands, cancer, somemedications such as lithium and thiazide diuretics and taking calcium and vitaminD supplements in very high amounts are the most common causes of hypercalcemia.Dehydration is also one of the causes of hypercalcemia, because the calcium accumulatesif there is no fluid.
Hypercalcemia can be mild or severe. It isoften that mild hypercalcemia does not even have any symptoms. The most commonsymptoms for severe hypercalcemia are excessive thirst and loss of appetite, but nausea,vomiting, confusion, fatigue and lethargy can also happen. Furthermore,constipation and frequent urination are also some of the symptoms ofhypercalcemia. The people who suffers from this disorder also may experiencemuscle weakness, abdominal pain and pain in muscles and joints.
Complications of hypercalcemia
Hypercalcemia must be treated on time so it isimportant to consult the doctor if some of the symptoms appear untreated hypercalcemia can lead to very serious complications, such asosteoporosis, kidney stones, kidney failure, nervous system dysfunction and arrhythmia.Osteoporosis is the medical term for thethinning of the bones, which occurs when the bones release much calcium inblood. Osteoporosis, furthermore, can cause bone ruptures, spinal columncurvature and loss of height. One of the complications that can occur ifhypercalcemia is not treated is related to kidney stones. Renal lithiasis is the medicalterm for the kidney stones, which are formed due to the accumulated calcium crystals inthe kidneys. If these stones create a blockage, it cam impair the kidney, andthe passing of kidney stones is usually very aching.In the case of severe hypercalcemia, kidneyfailure may also occur if the kidneys are seriously damaged. If kidney failure occurs, the last stage of renal disease is reached, and the person whosuffers from this condition must take dialysis or transplant the kidney.Hypercalcemia has the negative effects on thenervous system because it can cause confusion, dementia or coma, which can bemortal.Arrhythmia or abnormal heart rhythm is thecondition that can be induced by hypercalcemia because it affectsthe electrical impulses that regulate the rhythm of the heart.