The most common causes of eye infections are viruses or bacteria. Many different types of these infections exist. However, the most common infection that affects the eyes is known as bacterial conjunctivitis. Other well known types of infection are blepharitis, staphylococcal, and styes. Our eyes are constantly exposed to pathogens, but infections can occur as a result of a compromise in the eye's normal defenses. The infection can be locally or remotely sourced. The infection might be caused by a trauma, the wearing of contact lenses, deficiencies in the immune system, or as a result of a surgery involving the eye.
If the infection is caused by bacterial conjunctivitis, there may be indications such as red, itchy eyes. There may also be burning or discharge when it comes to the eyes. There might also be more tears than normal, and the eyes might be swollen. Blepharitis is often the cause of tearing, redness, and discomfort. some other signs of this condition might be burning, photosensitivity, itching, and an irritating sensation. With the staphylococcal form of this condition, there might be scaling or crusting along the lashes of the eyes. Styes result in a red, tender bump that will eventually break open, drain, and heal after about a week's time.
Infections involving the eye can occur at any age, and are normally treated aggressively. This is because eye infections can often turn into more serious conditions over time. Those who undergo eye surgery or suffer trauma are more likely to be expose to infections of the eye. Many of these infections are also contagious, and the infections can be spread through contact with the fluid that drains from the eyes. This fluid normally contains bacteria or the virus that has caused the infection.
In order to avoid contracting an infection such as this, one should wash ones hands before touching the eyes or face. Try to also avoid sharing eye makeup, as this can spread infection. Further to this, the use of eye makeup should be avoided until the infection has completely dissipated. Other things one should avoid sharing includes contact lens equipment, solutions, or containers. In addition to this, the use of contact lenses should be avoided until the resolving of the infection. Eye medicine, towels, pillows, linens, and handkerchiefs should not be shared. If necessary, wear eye protection when exposed to the cold, heat, or wind. If working with chemicals, use safety glasses.