We will talk about a problem called head cold, a problem that causes nasal congestion, runny nose and headache. The problems we have mentioned are considered to be the most common, but there are many other can be caused the problem in question. The head cold is just a simple cold, but the difference is found in the location of the symptoms because in the case of the head cold, the symptoms are located mostly on the face area. The common cold is a result of an upper respiratory tract viral infection. The problems that are created due to this problem are various, since more than 200 viruses can take blame for the creation of head and chest cold. But the problem we are talking about is benign and causes no great problems, among which are congestion, sneezing, cough, sore throat, watery eyes and runny nose. The problem of common cold requires no medications and it usually goes away after a period of 10 to 14 days.
Stuffy nose, itchy throat and mild fatigue are problems experienced along with the ones we have mentioned in the previous passage. The nose at the beginning of the problem creates clear and watery discharge, but this discharge becomes thicker and green or yellow over time. High fever is something associated with common cold, but not with the viral infection. The common cold creates more problems for children, but when adults have head and chest cold, some complications may arise, like ear infection, for instance. The visit to the doctor is needed if a child experiences severe headache, breathing problems, persistent crying, sleepiness, ear pain, abdominal pain, vomiting, breathing problems, sweating fever/chills lasting more than three days, and temperature over 103 farads.
The treatment cannot include any medications, since they are ineffective, even antibiotics. They are not needed since the problem goes away quickly on its own. But some medications can be used which can reduce the problems experienced because of the symptoms. Fever, muscle ache and headache can be reduced with the use of acetaminophen, which is a pain reliever, while decongestant nasal sprays can help with the nasal congestion, but try to avoid giving them to children. For throat problems, use simple cough syrup. When you are having cold, you need to take in plenty of fluids, since this will clear out the moist and the body very efficiently. Avoid fluids containing alcohol and caffeine, since it dehydrates the body. The problem with the sleeping and breathing can be reduced with the use of humidifier during sleep. Also a neat trick is to prop the head with a use of a pillow. Chicken soup can also be a good way of making the treatment time faster, but you can also try chewing vitamin C candies and gargling salt water.