Food poisoning is a condition that occurs when one consumes the contaminated food, which means the food that contains bacteria or some toxin. In the majority of cases, children and elderly people usually experience food poisoning because their immune system is weak. Food poisoning usually occurs when eating outdoors, or when consuming improperly cooked home foods, it is not very serious condition and is usually treated easily. However, there are certain cases, such as botulism, which can be even fatal.
Symptoms of food poisoning
Those people who get poisoned by food usually experience diarrhea, nausea and vomiting, as well as abdominal cramps, pain and fever. The mentioned symptoms are also the symptoms of many other disorders, which is why it is important to notice them short time after eating, or as soon as possible.
Types of food poisoning
- Staphylococcus aureus food poisoning is a food poisoning that occurs when one eats food contaminated with enterotoxin. In the majority of cases, the food becomes contaminated when it is left on the room temperature for a long period of time. The symptoms of this kind of food poisoning, such as watery diarrhea and vomiting, appear very quickly, but also go away within 12 to 24 hours.
- One of the well-known food poisoning is salmonella food poisoning caused by the bacteria of the same name. Watery diarrhea, abdominal pain and fever, as well as nausea and vomiting, are the most common symptoms of this type of food poisoning.
- Escherichia coli food poisoning usually manifests itself through strong abdominal cramps and bloody diarrhea. Sometimes, this type of food poisoning may develop into hemolytic uremic syndrome, which may even be fatal. The main sources of these bacteria are milk products, hamburgers and contacts with animals.
- Shigella infection is also a kind of food poisoning that causes bloody diarrhea, high fever and abdominal cramps. Potato salad, milk, chicken and raw vegetables are the main sources where these bacteria can be found.
- When one eats undercooked chicken and drinks raw milk, there is risk to develop campylobacter food poisoning marked by watery diarrhea, fever, abdominal cramps and nausea, as well as muscle pain and headaches.
- Botulism is caused by the bacteria Clostridium botulinum and the main symptoms of this food poisoning are nausea, vomiting, abdominal cramps and muscle weakness. When this food poisoning occurs in children, then double vision, slurred speech and difficulty in swallowing occur as symptoms.
- Food poisoning caused by a virus for which the protective vaccine exists is hepatitis A.