Parents often do not know how to handle eye problems in young children, so knowing more about eye problems and their treatment could be of great help. Most of eye problems diagnosed in babies are inherited or genetically predisposed. Sometimes, babies born prematurely may also have certain difficulties with the eyes and vision due to developmental problems. Poor nutrition may be another cause of eye problems in babies. Kids who watch too much television, especially if they are seated near the TV, may develop some eye problems as well as.
Common Eye Problems in Children
Some of the most commonly diagnosed eye problems in children are squinting, amblyopia (lazy eye), myopia and hyperopia, as well as more serious but luckily rare problems like cataract or retinal detachment.
Squint is inability of the eyes to normally focus on some object. Amblyopia or lazy eye as this problem is also known, is usually a complication of some existing eye problems causing difficulties in visual development.
Myopia is characterized by clear vision of objects near the person, while he or she cannot see clearly something located at a certain distance. Hyperopia, on the other hand, affects the vision in such a way that the kid (or adult, because this condition affects people of any age) cannot see something within 2 feet, but if something is far away, he/she can see this normally.
Does Your Child Have Vision Problem?
It is very difficult to know whether your child sees clearly, especially if the child is very young. This is why every parent should watch for signs and symptoms of eye problems and report those to their pediatrician or pediatric ophthalmologist.
Watch for inability to focus – if your child shows no interest in objects located over 6m, it might have something to do with eye focus problems. Moving closer to the TV when watching something can also indicate vision problems, as well as tilting the face to one side when watching TV or talking. Some children may become irritated when asked to draw or read or perform any near work, due to some eye problem. If the child complains about eye strain or headaches, he/she should be taken to a pediatric ophthalmologist. Straying of one eye to the side is also something your doctor should be consulted about.
Kids’ treatment for eye problems usually includes wearing of contact lenses or eye glasses, some visual therapy or surgery for more serious eye and vision problems.