The common cold is a viral infection affecting the nasal cavity and nasopharynx, to be more precise mucous membrane of almost all parts of the upper respiratory tract. In majority of cases the condition is caused by rhinoviruses and coronaviruses. Infection develops in a form of malaise accompanied by cough, sore throat, runny nose and fever.
Can cold be cured forever? There is no cure for the common cold. However, there are certain remedies which can efficiently reduce the intensity of unpleasant symptoms patients have to deal with. The length of the infection may be sometimes reduced as well. And finally, with adequate rest and by following doctor's orders one successfully prevents some complications of the diseases.
The Common Cold Treatments
Symptoms of the common cold last approximately 7-10 days and in some individuals they may even linger for several weeks. In spite the fact that all of them are quite unpleasant and frustrating in the beginning of the infection, there is no way to eliminate them completely.
The first thing a person suffering from the common cold should do is to stay in bed. By having sufficient time to rest and plenty of sleep the body will be more capable of regenerating. Furthermore, all patients are due to drink plenty of water. Intake of fluids may also include soups, tea and fruit juices. Sufficient amount of fluids prevents dehydration and also helps with the overall congestion.
Symptomatic treatment for the common cold includes several types of drugs. Antipyretics are generally taken in case of very high body temperature. There are plenty of antipyretics to choose from. Still, small children must never be administered Aspirin, because it may in case of viral infection (which is the case with the common flu) induce a serious condition called Reye's syndrome. Antipyretics are available over-the counter or may be prescribed by the doctor.
Nasal decongestants are drugs that deal with nasal congestion. They are quite efficient and allow patients to breathe normally. But, such drugs must not be used for more than several days and people with certain comorbidities (high blood pressure, heart conditions, prostate problems etc.) are better to consult their health care provider prior opting for this type of medicine.
Cough suppressant are prescribed if one has dry cough and antihistamines may be efficient in some patients while others fail to respond to these medications. The Common Cold Remedies
Apart from symptomatic treatment, patients are also recommended to adapt their diet. For instance they should consume food rich in all the necessary vitamins and minerals, particularly vitamin C and zinc. The last two are particularly good against the common cold.
Finally, there are plenty of herbs one may benefit from. Some of them are lemongrass, ginger, red pepper, eucalyptus and Echinacea.