Epiduralanesthesia is the anesthesia which blocks the pain in specific area of the body.The drugs that are administered have the goal to reduce the pain and sensationsin the lower part of the body. As any other form of anesthesia epidural anesthesiacarries certain risks.Themost frequent side effect of the epidural anesthesia is the hypotension. The Hypotension iscorrected with fluids and vasopressors which are given intravenously. Ifexcessive dosage of local anesthetics is given to inadvertent then the high epidural blockmay develop. Its features are with the low blood pressure, nausea, loss of sensation inchest region or even in an arms. This severe complication can even affect the breathing. The outcome may include securing of the airway and prompt treatmentof hypotension.Localanesthetic toxicity may develop as a consequence of surpassing of the dose ofanesthetics. Toxicity may happen even in case when proper dose is not given butstraight into a blood vessel. This condition can be present with ringing in theears, dizziness or even lead to coma and cardiopulmonary arrest.
An accidental dural puncture may happen during the procedure ofapplying epidural anesthetics. It results in headache which is basically in thefront of the skull. The pain is increased by movements or in a sitting orstanding position. Nausea and vomiting may occur as well. Photophobia orsensitivity to light in a common sign.