Diverticulitis or diverticular disease is a condition in whicha diverticula is a small lumpy pouch that can be formed anywhere in the digestivetract, is inflamed or infected. This condition becomes common after the personturns 40 years, but the fact is that even though it may cause nausea, fever,and pain in the abdomen, it does not have to be serious at all, and in manycases, it does not even have to provoke any symptoms, so the person is not awareof it. The main reason for the development of diverticula is natural weaknessof certain parts of the colon and such weakness sooner or later gives way underthe pressure resulting thus in the protrusion of the pouches through the wallof the colon. It has still not been determined how it gets infected, but it is a well-knownfact that people over 40, as well as people who consume low fiber food, who areobese or do not exercise are much more prone to developing this condition.
When it comes to the treatment of diverticular disease,milder cases can be treated in a very simple way, by rest, antibiotics and achange in diet that will include low-fiber foods. On the other side caseswhich are serious is the meaning that they may lead to the severe complications oreven permanent consequences, do require hospitalization and very frequently, some kind ofa surgery procedure. Very often the diseased part of the intestine has tobe removed, and the procedures that can be done in such situations are eitherprimary bowel resection, or bowel resection with colostomy. Some situations mayrequire the drainage of the abscess that tends to form along with diverticula. Speakingof the treatment, it should be mentioned that there are also home remedieswhich can be used and which proved to be helpful.
Despite the fact that this condition does not have to causeany problems to the person who has it, there are also some consequences whichit may cause. Some of them are bleeding in the rectal part, formation ofabscess when pus accumulates in the pouch, and peritonitis, which requiresimmediate medical attention, and which happens usually in cases when the pouchthat is inflamed or infected ruptures thus causing the spilling of theintestinal contents into the abdomen. Fistula is one more complication which ispossible and in order to prevent all these possibilities, it is necessary tokeep the disease under control.