Since pregnancy is an event ofutmost importance, especially to women, it is never too late to get asmuch information as possible regarding the possible complications that mightoccur. One of such complications is diabetes developing during pregnancy (med.gestational diabetes). It is not uncommon for diabetes to occur duringpregnancy, especially in women who had never had such health issues. Whenhaving facts and figures in mind, the rate is 2-7 in every 100 pregnant women.
The condition in question, asmost of the people already know, occurs when, due to a lack of insulin, theblood sugar levels suddenly rise. Insulin itself is a hormone that enables ourbody to process the sugar and transform it into energy. In the course ofpregnancy, numerous hormones block the otherwise common insulin process, forthis is one of the ways that ensures your baby gets the sufficient amount ofsugar. Therefore, your body must produce more insulin in order to compensatefor these new occurrences.
This type of diabetes most oftenevolves in the second half of pregnancy, and disappears on its own after thebirth of your baby. If this is not the case, then there is a possibility thatthe woman in question already had a developing form of type 1 diabetes. Therealso exists type 2 diabetes, which, once evolving in your body remains therepermanently. Since this kind of diabetes rarely causes any evident symptoms, asign could be some of the high blood sugar related symptoms, such as intensefeeling of thirst, need to visit the bathroom more often than usual andexhaustion.
As far as complications areconcerned, it should be noted that gestational diabetes doesn’t pose a treat toyour health right from the start. But, on the other hand, uncontrolled diabetesduring pregnancy enhances the risk of developing some other complications, suchas pre-eclampsia, premature labor, concentration of too much fluid around yourbaby. In case you are suffering from this form of diabetes, the odds are that acaesarean delivery will be required. As a direct consequence, the risk ofdeveloping gestational diabetes in future pregnancies is much higher. Reflectingon possible implications that this can have on your baby, the first is that itmay grow larger than usual, which makes the delivery especially difficult.Also, it is possible that your baby will have low blood sugar after being born.Because of this, it is highly recommended for every mom to breastfeed theirnewborn within 30 minutes of delivery, and thus aid in keeping baby’s bloodsugar levels at a safe level.
Unfortunately, it is still to bedetermined why certain women develop this condition and others don’t. One thingis sure though, you are at a higher risk if gestational diabetes runs infamily, if your previous baby was larger than usual (over 4.5 kg), if yousuffer from obesity or are overweight or if you suffer from polycystic ovarysyndrome. The best starting point for treatment is a visit to your GP, whocan then refer you to a clinic where this condition is treated with success.Also, there will probably be a need to go to antenatal appointments more oftenthan women who don’t suffer from gestational diabetes. The most important thingis to control your blood sugar level.