Diabetes mellitus or simply diabetes is among the leading medical conditions that lead to death and disability. It is induced either by insulin deficiency or insulin resistance and because of that, is divided into two types apart from the gestational diabetes, which occur just in pregnancy. The pancreas contains the islets of Langerhans, which can be of alpha and beta type. The beta cells are those that manufacture the hormone insulin, which plays an important role in the metabolism of glucose since insulin absorbs sugar from the blood.
Uncontrolled diabetes is a very serious condition, since it may lead to several serious complications like heart disease, kidney disorders and nerve damage. Moreover, blindness, stroke and amputations, as well as hyperosmotic non-ketotic coma, are also some of the possible outcomes of uncontrolled diabetes mellitus.
When one with this condition does not treat it properly, it is possible that several symptoms will emerge, among which are hyperglycemia, excessive urination and extreme thirst. Furthermore, unexplained weight loss, blurred vision and tiredness, as well as dry skin, nausea and fatigue, are also some of the symptoms of uncontrolled diabetes.
Uncontrolled diabetes and pregnancy
When a pregnant woman does not know that she has diabetes and because of that she does not treat it, it may affect the baby in several ways. Hypoglycemia is one of the consequences that appear in the baby due to the uncontrolled diabetes in the baby’s mother. Moreover, uncontrolled diabetes in a pregnant woman may cause high blood pressure, seizure, stroke and even miscarriage. If a pregnant woman does not control her blood sugar levels, she may give birth to too large baby, which will cause discomforts during both, the pregnancy and the delivery. Furthermore, too large babies are prone to become obese, as well as to develop insulin resistance.
Treatment for diabetes
In cases of those people who cope with type 1 diabetes, the pancreatic gland does not manufacture enough insulin so the treatment involves the daily injection of insulin. On the other side, the people who deal with type 2 diabetes are resistant to insulin and they are given certain medicines like sulfonylureas, biguanides and D-phenylalanine derivatives.
Unfortunately, diabetes is not a curable condition but it is treatable and it can be successfully controlled by taking regularly medicines, eating healthy foods, leading a healthy life and exercising every day. When one develops diabetic coma or hypoglycemia, it is very important to treat it as soon as possible since these two conditions may be fatal.