Men and women of the any ages may have hernias. Hernias are caused by natural weakness in the abdominal wall or out of excessive strain on the abdominal wall, heavy lifting, difficulty with bowel movements or urination, substantial weight gain or persistent coughing. Almost all hernias are located near the groin, or below the groin (femoral), through the navel (umbilical), and along a previous incision (incisional).
Laparoscopic hernia repair operation is one of the laparoscopic procedures. The operation needs general anaesthesia, when a small incision is done under the navel. The abdominal organs may not be visible for surgeon because inflated abdomen. And laparoscope is inserted through the incision. Inguinal hernia repair surgery needs a careful consideration. But after laparoscopic hernia repair surgery patients go home right away.
Laparoscopic hernia repair- laparoscopy has not been entirely approved. The procedure needs few small incisions instead of one cut. Laparoscopic surgery examines groin areas and hernias areas for defects. The patch may be done over all weak spots, in order to prevent hernia. General anaesthesia is required for laparoscopic repair under local, general or spinal anaesthesia.
Advantages Laparoscopic hernia:Checking out for and redoing damage of a second hernia on the opposite side.Repairing recurrent hernia with laparoscopic techniques.Laparoscopy may be more appealing for cosmetic reasons.Mean a less pain and quick recovery.
Laparoscopic surgery repair may not be for:pregnant womenvery obese peoplethose who have incarcerated herniathose who are taking anticoagulants or blood thinnersthose with general anaesthesia intolerancethose with lot of abdominal surgeriesthose with severe lungs diseases, because of carbon dioxide, they may have problems breathingon children but not in all casesthose who have bleeding disorders (haemophilia or idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura (ITP)
This procedure is as safe as open surgery, in carefully selected cases, when performed by specialists in this field. Possible complication of the operation may happen with:Person takes blood thinners.Person who smoke.Person with bad urinary problems.Person with a blood clots in large blood vessel.Person that takes huge doses of Aspirin.
Risks:Pain in the thigh may happen because of the entrapments of nerves.Pain in a sperm cord, testicle – penis.Numbness in area of thigh.A scar tissue.Infection from past stitches.Testicle injury- atrophy.Abdominal organs or injury of blood vessels, nerves.Urinary retention.Hernia recurrence. Fluid or blood in the scrotum.