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Introduction

Dandruff is one of the most common medical conditions and itis actually one of numerous different forms of skin eczema. It occurs in allparts of the body which involve extensive production of sebum in the skin. Suchareas of the human body commonly include underarms, skin which overhangs theabdominal folds, the skin below the breasts, chest, face, ears and scalp. The actualcauses of seborrhea are still largely unknown, but scientists suspect that itmay have something to do with a certain type of yeast which lives on the humanskin and goes by the name of malassezia furfur. The main and the most common manifestationof seborrhea is dandruff. When it occurs on the scalp it is usuallycharacterized by localized patches of thick, flaky skin. When it occurs on thefacial skin it is commonly characterized by thick, dry reddish brown skinflakes located behind the ears, on the sides of the nose and on the eyebrows. Apeculiar fact is that even though affected areas of the skin feel somewhat dry,the condition usually only gets worse once those areas get moisturized. Some peoplebelieve that scalp seborrhea and dandruff may cause permanent hair loss, butthat could not be further from the truth. It may sometimes cause itchiness andit may affect persons from all different age groups, including infants in theirfirst months of life. Severe cases of seborrhea are commonly associated withpeople who suffer from neurological disorders, HIV or are on chemotherapy.Seborrhea tends to affect men much more than it does affect women and it isusually not associated with any immune, internal or other medical problems.

Treatment Options

All working treatment methods for seborrhea and dandruff areusually focused on reducing the inflammatory infections of the skin. Variousdifferent types of cortisone based lotions and creams may come in real handywhen it comes to reducing skin inflammations and they are also commonly veryefficient in reducing the buildup of yeast on the affected areas of the skin.Contrary to the popular belief, switching antiperspirants, changing the entirehair care routine, switching brands of shampoo and moisturizing the skin doesnot help those who suffer from dandruff. The most common over the counterproducts used for the treatment of dandruff include various different types ofshampoos and creams which contain ingredients such as ketoconazole, seleniumsulfide, zinc pyrithione, salicylic acid and tar. Antifungal and cortisonecreams are also highly efficient.

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