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Information on Bunions

A bunion is a medical condition which can be characterizedby a swollen base of the big toe. This condition is medically referred to ashallux valgus. The foot contains five bones which connect the heel bone and thebones that are located inside the toes. These five very important bones arecalled metatarsals.

Each toe is appropriately lined with its own individualmetatarsal. Some persons may have a big toe that is angled inwards towards themiddle of the foot. This condition causes the protrusion of the firstmetatarsal from the side of the foot. It actually protrudes at the base of thebig toe and causes a formation of a big swollen bunion which can be verypainful in some cases.

One of the possible causes of bunions is wearing shoesthat do not fit the foot in an appropriate manner. If one does not treatbunions on time they can lead to some serious medical conditions such asarthritis which may occur inside the joint of the big toe.

Bunions can betreated by using bunion pads while numerous over-the-counter painkillermedications can be of help in relieving the pain which is commonly associatedwith this medical condition. Some severe cases of bunions may require asurgical procedure in order to be treated properly. Bunions may occur invirtually any person, but they have a tendency of affecting women just slightlymore than they affect men.

Causes of Bunions

When the big toe gets bent inwards it also pushes itsmetatarsal away from its neighboring counterpart and it creates a lump locatedat the side of the foot.

If a person comes from a family whose memberspreviously had bunion it is very likely that that person is going to havebunions as well. The bended big toe has a tendency to run in families.

Asmentioned above, most cases of bunions are caused by wearing shoes that do notfit the feet in a proper way. Bunionsaffect women more than they affect men because women often wear pointed andhigh-heeled shoes which are often tight fitting and they also place a lot ofstrain on toe joints.

Arthritis can also be the cause of bunions because thedamaged cartilage causes the joints to become very stiff. As soon as bunions get developed one shouldseek professional medical care, because they need to be treated as soon aspossible.

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