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Causes of bulimia
Bulimia, which is also called bulimia nervosa, is a disorder which is characterized by episodes of excessive eating in secret, after which persons suffering from this disorder force themselves to eliminate the food from their body by vomiting or using laxatives, that is, foods or drugs which stimulate the evacuation of the bowels. Aside from being an eating disorder, bulimia is also associated with a number of mental disorders, as that is where it originates from. Conditions such as depression, low self-esteem and anxiety can trigger bulimia.

What constitutes an eating disorder?

Simply put, an eating disorder satisfies a person’s mental need to eat and the physical one. Everyone has their own routine when it comes to eating. But when a person changes his or her routine and develops a different attitude towards food which is motivated by a paranoid fear of gaining weight, they have most likely developed an eating disorder.

People who suffer from the bulimic eating disorder are always torn between two phases which are called binging and purging in bulimia. Binging is the first part when the person feels the urge to overeat which they are unable to stop and control. The second part, purging, comes with an overwhelming sense of guilt due to such overindulgence and that’s when they feel like they must get it out of their bodies at once.

Who is likely to suffer from bulimia?

Both men and women can suffer from bulimia, but it is about 10 times more likely for women to develop this condition. Women most commonly get bulimia at the age of 18 or 19, but it can affect them up to the age of 40. Children are extremely unlikely to develop it.

What does bulimia originate from?

Bulimia basically revolves around the somewhat irrational fear of gaining weight, but there are much more complicated emotional issues underneath it. One of the most frequent factors which trigger bulimia is low self-esteem. Persons who cannot recognize their own value and feel frustrated and unsatisfied with themselves will most likely associate this problem with their physical appearance and feel like if they sorted that out, lost weight, that is, all those feelings would go away. Also, the actions a bulimic person performs may also be a mechanism of coping with depression, especially the binging part. Depressed persons are known to overeat because it makes them find some kind of comfort in food, but depressed bulimic persons fall right back into despair right after the purging part, which makes it a never-ending cycle for them.

Leading a stressful lifestyle or the occurrence of a tragic stressful event may also lead to bulimia.

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