Cataract is a disorder which affects the lens of the eyes. It causes clouded vision which is worse at night. At the beginning of the disorder vision impairment is not so severe and it can be corrected with glasses or lenses. As cataract progresses your ability to see will get worse and you will have difficulties while reading or driving. The best treatment for cataract is surgery.
Cataract surgery is considered to be quite safe procedure which is performed by a specialist for eye disorders an ophthalmologist. This surgical procedure does not require hospitalization of the patient so you will be able to go home the same day. Surgery will be performed only to one of your eyes, and a few weeks later to the other eye. You will be given a local anesthesia before the surgery. The surgeon will remove the affected lens and replace it with the artificial one.
In the majority of cases the cataract surgery is successful and the patient's vision is significantly improved. However there are cases when people may develop a condition called secondary cataract. This condition develops in case the part of the lens which was not removed because it supports the artificial lens gets cloudy and causes vision obstruction. Secondary cataract is not a severe complication and it can be treated with laser. This treatment is not painful and it also does not require hospitalization. Your surgeon may give you some eye drops before the procedure in order to prevent the infection of the eye.
In some cases, if the artificial lens was not placed properly, you may be able to see the edge of it or you may have double vision. Even in this case, you may have another procedure to fix this condition. Other complications of cataract surgery include inflammation of the eye, infection, swelling, bleeding, pressure in the eye, hanging eyelids, detachment of the retina and glaucoma. In extremely rare situations if the bleeding in your eye is excessive or if you develop severe infection, you may lose your vision. If your vision is disturbed by floaters or lights in your retina may be detached. This does not have to be a severe complication if you receive prompt treatment. It is very important for you to see your doctor if you notice any changes in vision.In order to prevent any complications, you should have your eyes checked regularly wear sunglasses quit smoking, keep your weight normal and take care of your overall health.