Aperson does not need to be diagnosed with diabetes to have problemswith metabolic syndrome and insulin resistance. Actually, once aperson is diagnosed with diabetes, the problems do not begin. Theyhave started long ago and a lot of damage has already been done. Itis therefore important for everyone to prevent the condition, becauseonce you are diagnosed with diabetes, you will just be treating thesymptoms.
Tomost people, high level of sugar in the blood mean diabetes, which,in a way, is true, as diabetes is referred to as a diseasecharacterized by elevated blood sugar. Still, this way of thinking isbinary, 1 or 0, level of sugar in the blood is either normal or high and you are either a healthy person or a diabetic. The truth is thatthere is a whole scale of possible levels of blood sugar betweennormal and high. As soon as level of blood sugar is above normal,although that condition does not qualify as diabetes (yet), it istime for alert. The truth is that you should not rely on safetymargins, but try to keep your blood sugar level as low as possible.
Whathappens in the blood stays in the blood
Levelof sugar in blood rises either after you consume foods that containcarbohydrates or when your cells release stored sugar. When the levelof sugar in the blood rises, pancreas releases insulin. This is ahormone that helps cells to absorb sugar. This serves both to use thesugar for energy, to store it for later use, and to reduce the sugarlevel in the blood. However, if there is insufficient insulin orcells do not react to insulin and then level of blood sugar willcontinue to rise. This is a slow, gradual process, and about ninetypercent of people develop diabetes over a period of time.
Theproblem usually begins because the cells are resistant to insulin,although it is produced in sufficient quantities. Such condition isknown as insulin resistance- It is associated with a group ofsymptoms which are known as the metabolic syndrome. These includehigh levels of cholesterol and triglycerides, obesity and high bloodpressure, insulin resistance, system – wide inflammation and someother problems. Metabolic syndrome sufferers usually test negativefor diabetes, which does not mean they are not in trouble. But theyare on the fast track for health problems. What happens is thatinsulin is overproduced to compensate for itsinefficacy. Sugar gets stored in the form of fat, more andmore, causing obesity. And since so much sugar gets stored, there isnot enough sugar in the blood every now and then, which triggers asense of hunger which will lead to consumption of more sugar.Eventually, the pancreas will fail to keep up with the demand andinsulin production will fall below necessary levels. This will causeonset of diabetes.