Urinary tract infections (sometimes shortened as UTI) caused by bacteria are usually easily treated with some antibiotics. Patients suffering from UTI experience intense burning and pain while urinating, because of bacterial infection of their bladder or urethra. Attack of bacteria to these organs is usually known to cause lower abdominal pain, but all symptoms can be resolved using some antibiotic medications.
About Antibiotic Drugs
Antibiotics are able to fight against bacterial infections. These drugs interfere with normal life processes in the bacteria and lead to death of bacterial cells. As the result, there is significant decrease in number of living bacteria left in the human body and therefore, people get well. Bacterial infection subsides and the disease doesn’t spread to other organs or tissues. There are several adverse effects which may be associated with the use of these drugs, including nausea and diarrhea. Decrease of the dose is normally found to be helpful in this situation, so consult your doctor if these symptoms appear.
The most commonly used UTI drugs are antibiotics. These drugs may come from several groups, such as: penicillins, cephalosporins and tetracyclines. However, quinolones, Bactrim or nitrofurantoin may also be doctor’s choice for your urinary infection.
Penicillins, especially Amoxicillin (Amoxil) is found to be very useful for many bacterial infections of urinary tract. This medication affects the wall of bacterial cell, damaging it and stopping further bacterial growth. Cephalosporin drug Cefizox is also one of commonly prescribed treatments for this purpose. All medications from this group possess anti-bacterial activity and they are known to be bactericidal drugs. Tetracycline Sumycin also affects UTI caused by different pathogenic bacteria. Sumycin inhibit bacterial growth, affecting synthesis of proteins inside the bacterium which earn tetracyclines the name protein synthesis inhibitors.
Furadantoin is nitrofurantoin medication, able to fight against bacterial infection of the urinary tract, especially for its lower part. The drug works by interfering with bacterial DNA and causing damage and destruction of bacterial cells.
Combination of two drugs, trimethoprim and sulfamethoxazole is known as Bactrim and it is very often used for UTI treatment. Both of the drugs possess powerful anti-bacterial activity, but this combination has been proved to work even better than two of them on their own.
Quinolone medications are also efficient against bacterial infections of urinary tract. These can be used to treat the onset of such infections, since their mechanism of action involves negative impact on bacteria and multiplying restriction.