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Absence seizure

This problem has another name, which is petit mal seizure and it isassociated with the sudden lapse of brief conscious activity. This problem isusually present among children and when it strikes, people around thepatient may get the impression that the sufferer is just staring for a few seconds. Theseseizures are mild, when compared with other epileptic seizures, butthey can surely be harmful and dangerous. The problem can be great if seizureoccurs when bathing or swimming, since a person can drown. Somebody has tomonitor this activity when performed. Driving should be forbidden, along with manyother activities which can be dangerous for a person with this kind ofproblem. There are medications, called anti-seizures medications, which can control the absence seizures. The problem should be eliminated during the teen period, butsometimes the problem persists and in this case, the grand mal is created.

Symptoms

The most common symptoms include small arm movements, hand movements, chewing,fluttering of the eyelids, lip smacking and staring without moving. The seizureis usually very short, lasting only few seconds and when it goes away, the personwill not recollect of the seizure. In some cases, these seizures may be veryfrequent, even appearing hundreds of times during just one day. This cancertainly present a problem, especially, in school. This problem can sometimesbe hard to notice, but the first sign may be the decrease of the learningability of the child. For the seizures, there is no first aid need. Still, thevisit to the doctor is needed if the automatic behavior or lasting confusion occurs.Automatic behavior includes activities like eating without being aware of theactivity.

Diagnosis

A child may suffer from something that looks like absenceseizure. This can be tested just by calling the child name. If the child ishaving absence seizure, it will not answer. When you see a doctor, the doctorwill inquire about the seizures and be sure to describe them in detail. In orderto determine the proper cause of the seizures, the doctor may recommend givingblood sample and running tests. The use of electroencephalography will monitorand measure the electrical activity of the brain. Electrodes will be attachedto the scalp via elastic cap or paste. When this is applied, doctors will tryto provoke a seizure. This is done by flicking lights on and off. If theseizure is provoked, the EEG will determine if absence seizures are present.Images of the brain can be acquired by the use on MRI. This process is painlessand it can rule out brain tumor or stroke as the cause of seizures.

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