Folic acid is a water-soluble form of vitamin B. It plays crucial role in many bodily functions and needs to be taken on daily bases in recommended doses. For instance, folic acid is necessary for the body to produce new cells. If one does not consume enough food rich in folic acid, his/ her body may not obtain sufficient amount of folic acid. One of many problems related to inadequate intake of folic acid is folic acid anemia. In folic acid anemia there is inadequate production of red blood cells (lack of red blood cells) because there is not enough folic acid in the body. What are Causes of Lack of Folic Acid in the Body?
Most people actually do consume food rich in folic acid and this way their body receives daily doses of the vitamin. Still, a diet may not be healthy enough or contain all the essential nutrients. So, inadequate diet is one cause of folic acid anemia.
Furthermore, there are people who have problems with their digestive tract. They may not absorb food properly and folic acid may be one of different inadequately absorbed vitamins.
Folic acid anemia may affect people suffering from sickle cell disease, patients with severe kidney problems as well as heavy drinkers. Prolonged intake of some medications is another cause of lack of folic acid and subsequent anemia.
Finally, folic acid anemia may affect pregnant women and additionally cause developmental complications of their unborn baby. This is why many doctors actually suggest taking folic acid supplements throughout the pregnancy especially during the first trimester.
Folic Acid Anemia Symptoms and Signs
As it is the case with any other type of anemia, patients typically complain about weakness, they are tired and generally do not feel good.
Lightheadedness, dizziness and vertigo may occur as well. Some patients report lack of appetite and weight loss. Problems with concentration are frequent complaint too.
Folic Acid Anemia Treatment
It is essential to confirm whether the lack of folic acid is actually responsible for anemia one is suffering from. In order to achieve healthy levels of folic acid, patients are prescribed folic acid supplements. Additional help is obtained from food rich in folic acid like fortified breads and cereals, citrus fruits and dark, leafy vegetables.
The doctor will choose the dose and decide for how long the patient needs to take supplements. During the treatment and at the end it is important to check the level of folic acid as well as the number of red blood cells in the blood.