Nose bleeds may occur due to many factors. They also affect people of all ages. In adults with no previous anamnestic data in a sense of nose bleeds frequent bleeding for the nose may be only one sign of increased blood pressure.
Causes of Nose Bleeds
It is symptomatic for people suffering from undiagnosed increased blood pressure to experience occasional nose bleeds. The bleeding occurs once the pressure exceeds the normal range. Apart from high blood pressure nose bleeds are also associated with dry weather conditions, problems with coagulation and in children nose bleeds can develop as a consequence of frequent nose picking.
Nose Bleeds and High Blood Pressure
Nose bleeding can be classified as anterior and posterior. One of the causes of posterior nose bleeds is elevated blood pressure. The blood vessels in the nose are very delicate. They are located near the surface of the mucous membrane and can easily rupture in case of sudden increase of blood pressure.
Since high blood pressure usually affect older individuals there is one more explanation why unregulated high blood pressure leads to frequent nose bleeds. Older patients usually suffer from atherosclerosis. The affected blood vessels change their structure and lose their elasticity and flexibility. Even without atherosclerosis the blood vessels tend to lose elasticity in time. This makes them more susceptible to sudden changes in blood pressure, a common feature of high blood pressure.
Treatment for Recurrent Nose Bleeds
It is essential to identify the cause of recurrent nose bleeds. Once the problem is clear the doctor may opt for the most suitable treatment. In case of unregulated blood pressure nose bleeds may repeat until the person is diagnosed with hypertension. If elevated blood pressure is brought under control recurrent nose bleeds can be successfully brought under control.
In case nose bleeds occur one should know how to stop the bleeding. The person is supposed to sit straight and lean a bit forward. This position reduces pressure on the blood vessels in the nose. The position also prevents pouring of the blood into the throat. Additional help is obtained with pinching the nose with the index finger and the thumb. This maneuver can stop nose bleeding which occurs due to damage to the nasal septum.
All patients who are suffering from high blood pressure are due to take their medications and go for regular check-ups. If there are side effects of the treatment and the blood pressure is not suitably controlled with prescribed medications the patients are due to consult their doctors who will modify the therapy.