Every person has experienced diarrhea sometime during the life. It is a very common intestinal disorder marked by frequent andwatery bowel movement. Diarrhea usually appears as a symptom of somemedical condition. Usually it is accompanied by many other symptoms that depend on the health condition in the question.
Severe form of diarrhea is watery diarrhea. It isacute diarrhea, which is characterized by abnormal and extreme loosening of stools,continence and sudden and urgent bowel movements. Watery diarrhea usually lasts about two weeks. Othersymptoms typically appear along with this intestinal disorder, such ascramping, bloating and gas. It should be treated immediately since it can leadto serious dehydration because of the loss of fluids and electrolytes from the body. Watery diarrhea should be taken seriously since it canbe even fatal, especially in children. There are many cases worldwide where thepatients, children as well as adults, died from untreated watery diarrhea.
Causes of watery diarrhea
Watery diarrhea is an intestinal disorder that canbe caused by various reasons.In the majority of cases, viruses are responsiblefor the occurrence of this condition. When the virus enters the body andreaches the digestive tract, it affects the formation of the stool. On the other side, there are certain bacteria thatcan cause watery diarrhea, such as Campylobacter, Salmonella or Shigella. Thesebacteria usually weaken the immune system of the person and cause watery diarrhea.One of the causes of this condition is a contagiousdisease called cholera. This infection is caused by the bacteria that enterthe digestive tract through contaminated water. When the bacteria reach theintestine, they obstruct the exchange of sodium and potassium. Since this exchangeis necessary for the regulation of fluid and electrolyte concentrations in thebody, acute diarrhea occurs when the exchange is hampered.Acute diarrhea may also be caused by Crohn’sdisease, which is an inflammatory bowel disorder. The main symptoms of thiscondition are watery diarrhea, abdominal pain, loss of appetite and fatigue, aswell as vomiting and fever.Fecal impaction is also a potential cause for theincidence of this intestinal disorder. Fecal impaction is actually chronicconstipation characterized by hard and dry stools that cause extreme strainingduring the bowel movement. Watery diarrhea, stomach pain and rectal bleeding insome cases are the main consequences of fecal impaction.
Other causes for watery diarrhea include certainmedications, antibiotics and some dietary changes.