The heart is our vital organ. It is the part of thecirculatory system along with the blood vessels and blood. The main role of theheart is to pump the blood so that the blood could be transported everywhere inthe body. The blood contains essential nutrients and oxygen, which is necessaryfor the body cells functioning. However, our heart can be affected by many disorders.It can be so affected and damaged that it is no more able to pump the blood. Insuch case, the organs do not receive enough supply of the necessary blood andcardiogenic shock occurs.
Causes of cardiogenic shock
This condition occurs every time the heart, due to variousreasons, is incapable to pump the sufficient blood for the body’s needs. Cardiogenic shock can be caused by any serious heartcomplication. In the majority of cases, the heart complications usually occurbefore or after myocardial infarction, or popularly known heart attack.
When a large part of the heart is not able to moveany more, or when the heart is ruptured as the result of a heart attack, it hasthe difficulty to pump enough blood and cardiovascular shock occurs. Furthermore, ventricular tachycardia, ventricularfibrillation, or supraventricular tachycardia, as well as very slow heart rhythmcalled bradycardia, may also lead to the occurrence of cardiogenic shock. Tear or rupture of the mitral valve or septum can causethis condition. Mitral valve is the valve between the atria and theventricles, while septum is between the left and right ventricles.
Symptoms of cardiogenic shock
The most common symptoms of this disorder are thepain or the pressure in the chest, rapid breathing and rapid pulse, as well as shortnessof breath. Moreover, the people with this condition may experience excessivesweating, cool skin, confusion, inattentiveness and agitation. In some people, the skin may turn pale or become blotchyor mottled. In certain severe cases, even loss of consciousness and coma mayoccur.
Treatment of cardiogenic shock
Cardiogenic shock is a very serious condition andshould be treated immediately. When one notices some of the above mentionedsymptoms, it is extremely important to go to a doctor right away. When thecondition is diagnosed, the patient must be hospitalized. To successfully treatcardiogenic shock, it is necessary to detect the underlying cause and eliminate it. As for the medication, the patient is given those that raise the blood pressure, such as dopamine, dobutamine, epinephrine andnorepinephrine. After that, there are many treatments that are possible, but the choice depends onthe cause.