Multiple myeloma andthe main characteristics
Multiple myeloma is a type of cancer, or more precisely, itis a cancer of plasma cells. These cells are a type of white blood cells, they can be found in the bone marrow and they are in charge of making antibodies thatare necessary in fighting various infections. The reason why this kind ofcancer occurs lies in the fact that a group of abnormal plasma cells begins tomultiply, thus increasing their level much more above the normal, as well as theproduction of antibodies. This affects the red blood cells count, bones, and theimmune system in the first place.
The cure for this disease has not been found so far, butthere are many clinical trials, though even without the, there are options thatoffer very good chances for keeping the symptoms under control. Stem celltransplantation is also one of the options, though not always, mostly because notall the patients are good candidates for this procedure.
Symptoms of multiplemyeloma
When it comes to this disease, the fact is that the symptomscan be different, and it is very likely that they will vary from case to case. Generally,at the beginning, symptoms are not present, but as the disease progresses and develops, the symptoms begin to appear. The results of blood and urine tests will show thepresence of abnormal proteins, but this symptom may also indicate several otherconditions besides multiple myeloma, which is why the doctors never rely onthis one only. Another symptom that is usually present is increased level ofcalcium in the blood, but if this is the case, then the person will probablyalso become more susceptible to various infections, and he or she will begin tofeel either excessive thirst and frequent urination, or loss of appetite andweight, nausea and constipation. Pain in the bone, weakness or numbness inlegs, and unexplained bone fractures are also signs typical of multiplemyeloma, and there are many more. However, if the person experiences any ofthem, or even the combination of these symptoms, the doctor should be seen assoon as possible, because these symptoms are practically never a good sign. It istrue that some of the symptoms may indicate some other condition besides thisone, but it is best to leave the process of setting the diagnosis to the specialist.