Cystic fibrosis is a term used for the serious disease which affects lungs, digestive system, sweat glands and male fertility. This disorder is inherited and usually causes severe lung damage and nutritional deficiencies. Because of cystic fibrosis the body is unable to effectively move water and salt in and out of cells. Those cells juices in pancreas and lungs which produce sweat and mucus are affected in that way that these substances become thick, thus blocking passageways. Cystic fibrosis is usually found in white people in northern Europe. Earlier, the children died in their teens because of cystic fibrosis, but today, due to proper medications and treatments, the persons who suffers from this disease can live much longer and reach their 50s or 60s.
Cystic fibrosis has its warning signs and symptoms. They can appear alone or in combination and can vary from child to child. Usually they appear in infancy, but there in some cases when the first symptom appears in adolescence or adulthood. One of the most frequent symptoms of cystic fibrosis is the increased amount of salt in the child’s sweat and it is easily discovered when the parents kiss their child. When the person suffers from cystic fibrosis, usually symptoms appear in the digestive system and the respiratory system.
Cystic fibrosis causes thick mucus in the tubes of the lungs and this makes it difficult for the air to move in and out of the lungs. Because of this, several symptoms occur, such as constant cough, panting, and breathlessness. The persons suffering from cystic fibrosis also have recurring sinus and lung problems and infections. Cystic fibrosis also affects digestive system in that way that thick mucus blocks the tubes which transmit the enzymes from pancreas to the intestine. This causes bloated stomach, foul-smelling and greasy stool and the intestine obstruction. The persons who have cystic fibrosis usually complain of inability to gain weight or to grow normally.
It is very important to contact the doctor, if the parents notice certain symptoms in their children, such as difficult and persistent cough, fatty and bad-smelling stools, the problems with growing, as well as frequent sinus or lungs infections. If the child has the problem with breathing and cannot breathe normally it is crucial to visit the physician. There are several ways how one can ease the symptoms of cystic fibrosis. It is recommended for the patients to drink as much fluids as they can, to frequently exercise, to take some supplemental high-calorie nutrition, oral pancreatic enzymes, to take care of the immune system by regular vaccinations, and to avoid or eliminate smoking.