Lymphatic system is an integral part of the immune system, responsiblefor the maintenance of good health. It consists of lymph nodes, and these nodescontain white blood cells, which filter every foreign particle that enters thebody. Swelling of the lymph nodes can affect any of the part of the body, sincethey are widely distributed in the human organism. Most commonly, though,people experience swelling of the lymph nodes in the neck (called cervical lymphnodes), under arms (armpits) or in the genital area.
Symptoms may include different problems, depending on the exactlocation of swollen area in the neck. People can feel swelling on the upperpart of the neck, under their chin or around their ears. This problem may but doesn’thave to be necessarily associated with pain, and in some cases skin over theaffected lymph node could get red and inflamed. Upper respiratory infectionsigns can accompany swollen lymph nodes as well. If the person experiences rapidgrowth of the lymph node in the neck, its hardening and firming, it might be asign of a tumor. Lump in the neck can also be the symptom of the metastasis of tonsil cancer.
What Causes Swelling of the Neck Lymph Nodes
Infections of upper part of the respiratory tract are knownto trigger the swelling of the lymph nodes located in the neck. Common cold,sore or strep throat and tonsillitis are some of the common problems associatedwith swollen lymph nodes, but tuberculosis, and various bacterial and viral infectionscan also lead to the same problem. There are also some other potential causesof the swelling, like infections of the teeth, sinuses, skin or the ear,impetigo, gum-related problems or even acne in some cases. Inflammation of theepiglottis (epiglottitis), peritonsillar abscess, rubella or toxoplasmosis can alsobe possible causes of the swollen neck lymph nodes.
Swelling of the neck lymph node may be a sign of a seriousmedical condition, including: sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) or cancers.Syphilis, leukemia, lymphoma, Hodgkin’s disease and cancers of the mouth orlarynx are known to lead to the swelling of the lymph nodes in neck area.
What’s the Treatment
According to the cause of the problem, treatments may vary. Bacterialinfections are resolved with antibiotic drugs, if necessary. If your doctor is suspectingsome form of the cancer as the cause of swollen lymph nodes in the neck, youshould be diagnosed and then treated properly. Once the cause is eliminated,the swelling should subside. If it doesn’t, you must consult your doctor anddiscover the reason for further problems.