When air is prevented from entering the sinus opening, it will usually result in a blocked sinus. There are four different pairs of cavities in the sinus, they all help with the process of warming and filtering the air that comes in and out. Each pair of cavities has an opening named ostium which is attached to the passage of the nasal cavity. When the mucus is thicker than usual it can block the ostium and then in turn irritate the lining. The lining of the mucus passageway has small hairs called cilia, the cilia have the job of taking the built up mucus out of the nose. However, if these hairs get irritated it can affect their job and this can start a buildup of the mucus and block the sinuses.
The Risks of Blocked Sinus
Having a blocked sinus can impact a person’s life by causing them to experience pressure and headaches. They cannot indulge in certain activities such as scuba diving. It also causes the host to generally feel uncomfortable. To prevent other complications it is imperative to release the blockage. Endoscopic Sinus Surgical Procedure
It is more often than not performed as an outpatient procedure. The surgeon will attempt to clear the blockage by removing the inflamed tissue and possibly the bone as well as the infection. The procedure takes around three hours to complete, sometimes meaning an overnight stay. Once the procedure is complete they will pack temporary sponges in the nose. However it will not be completely packed so as to permit natural nasal breathing. The surgeon may decide to remove any polyps that are present at the same time as the procedure for the blocked sinus. There is very little pain following the procedure, some may feel slightly tired though. If a patient has suffered with quite a lot of swelling this may take a few months to completely dissipate. The patient may notice some dry blood and some crusting inside of the nose which may benefit from a washing with salt water now and then.
Possible Complications Following an Endoscopic Sinus Surgery
After any surgery there is always a risk of inflammation and/or infection. If you notice a discharge following the surgery or a feeling of pressure then it is advisable to see your doctor. For a few days following the procedure some people may experience nose bleeds but if this continues for more than a day or two see your doctor.