Simplepartial seizures differ significantly from person to person, depending on thesegment of the brain they begin from. The one common trait all seizure victims possessis alertness during the seizure and the ability to remember their experiences.Simple partial seizure activity can spread to other brain segments, leading toanother type of seizure to follow the simple partial one. These can be either acomplex partial seizure, or a secondarily generalized seizure, with a length ofmostly less than two minutes.
Categoriesof Simple Partial Seizures
Simplepartial seizures are often categorized depending on the type of symptoms theperson experiences, including Motor seizures, Sensory seizures, Autonomicseizures and Psychic seizures.
Motorseizures cause a change in the muscle activity, such as abdominal movements,stiffening or jerking of a body part, and all and any of these can spread to the otherparts of the body. A weakness that canaffect speech and laughter is also a common side-effect. Sensory seizures causechanges in any of the senses, causing symptoms such as smelling or tastingthings that are not there, hearing clicking, ringing or a person voice when noactual sound can be heard, or feeling numbness or other tactile sensations,sometimes even pain. Visual hallucinations can also occur, such as seeing spotsof light or people, as well as illusions, such as an object appearing fartherthan it actually is, or a sound appearing muffled when it is actually clear.Autonomic seizures cause change in the part of the nervous system that controlsbodily functions, resulting in unpleasant sensations in the stomach, chest orhead, changes in the heart rate or breathing, sweating and goose bumps. Finally, psychic seizures alter the way people think, feel, or experience things. Problems with memory, garbled speech or aninability to find the right word or understand language all are symptoms ofpsychic seizures. Out-of-body experiences and déjà vu are often tied to the occurrenceof psychic seizures.
Though Simplepartial seizures are more likely to affect the people who have a tumor, havehad a stroke, or have had a head injury or brain infection, its cause isunknown and can still occur to anyone. Diagnosis can be difficult due to thefact many other ailments have similar symptoms: psychiatric illness or drug usecan cause hallucinations, and déjà vu is often experienced by most of thepopulation. The frequency of these occurrences can help ascertain if thesesymptoms are related to other episodic changes and seizure types. A full physicalexamination combined with a complete medical history can help rule out othercauses of the symptoms as well as ascertain the likelihood of epilepsy. Simplepartial seizures can be controlled by seizure medicines in most cases.