In order to understand this condition better, it is important to know where the sacroiliac joints are located and what function they have. First of all, they are positioned on each side of the spine, at the bottom of the back, to be more precise, and they serve as a connection of the sacrum and the iliac crest.
More about sacroiliac joint inflammation
What has been identified as the most frequent cause of sacroiliac joint inflammation is the development of osteoarthritis, although other forms of this degenerative disease can cause this problem as well. Besides these causes, an accident or an injury due to some sudden impact to the spine or pelvis (or sometimes even hip) can result in sacroiliac joint inflammation, as well as pregnancy, because women experience hormonal imbalance during this period, which lead to the relaxed connective tissues and affects the capacity of the pelvis to stretch. Fractures due to the chronic stress, and dislocations are also a possible cause of sacroiliac joint inflammation, as well as improper posture.
Regardless of the cause, the symptoms of this problem are more or less the same in all cases, or at least in the majority. Excruciating pain is inevitable, particularly in the area of the lower back or back area of the hips, and this pain very frequently radiates down the legs. The pain in question affects the movement, and when it comes to back and hips, the range of motion is limited and restricted. This all results in the stiffness of the affected parts of the body, which further makes difficult performing some usual activities such as sitting, turning over in bed, even walking.
Diagnosis and the treatment
The condition in question can be diagnosed with the help of X-ray, CAT or CT scan, even though MRI scan might be required sometimes. As for the treatment of sacroiliac joint inflammation, it consists of medications and physical therapy. Medications help in relieving and reducing the inflammation and pain, which is why NSAIDs are usually suggested, although cortisone injections might also be given to the patient in some cases. The main goal of the physical therapy is to stretch the muscles of the affected area in order to decrease the pain, as well as to relax them and stabilize the spine. There are also extreme cases of sacroiliac joint inflammation, which can only be treated with the surgery and in such cases, the sacroiliac joints need to be fused, which is more than complicated and serious procedure.